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Election and Democracy
Finland
Voter turnout in the national election68.7% (As of March 2021)
[17/38countries]
Evaluation of voice and accountability1.589 (2019)
[3/38countries]
Evaluation of political stability and absence of violence0.909 (2019)
[15/38countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, always to vote in elections5.61 (2014)
[14/26countries]
% of those who think that the last national election was honest regarding the counting and reporting of the votes92.4% (2014)
[4/26countries]
% of those who think that the last national election was fair regarding the opportunities of the candidates and parties to campaign51.5% (2014)
[17/26countries]
% of those who think that referendums are a good way to decide important political questions61.7% (2014)
[15/26countries]
% of those who are proud of their country in the way democracy works69.5% (2013)
[9/26countries]
% of those who think that giving people more say is the most important aim of the country out of maintaining national order/ giving people more say/ fighting rising prices/ protecting freedom of speech43.9% (2010)
[2/25countries]
% of those who think that protecting freedom of speech is the most important aim of the country out of maintaining national order/ giving people more say/ fighting rising prices/ protecting freedom of speech9.5% (2010)
[18/25countries]
Extent to which people think democracy works well in their country today6.36 (2014)
[8/26countries]
Extent to which people think democracy worked well in their country 10 years ago6.52 (2014)
[8/26countries]
Extent to which people think democracy will work well in their country 10 years from now5.94 (2014)
[11/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that all citizens have an adequate standard of living6.35 (2014)
[16/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that government authorities respect and protect the rights of minorities5.98 (2014)
[18/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that people be given more opportunities to participate in public decision-making5.67 (2014)
[20/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that citizens may engage in acts of civil disobedience when they oppose government actions4.40 (2014)
[18/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that governments respect democratic rights whatever the circumstances6.10 (2014)
[15/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that people convicted of serious crimes lose their citizen rights4.75 (2014)
[18/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that long-term residents of a country, who are not citizens, have the right to vote in that countryfs national elections3.33 (2014)
[21/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that citizens have the right not to vote5.43 (2014)
[6/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that health care be provided for everyone6.62 (2014)
[9/26countries]
Politician
Finland
Number of total seats in the Parliament200 (2021)
[25/38countries]
Inhabitants per parliamentarian27,410 (2021)
[31/38countries]
% of women in parliament46 (2021)
[3/37countries]
% of MPs 40 years of age or younger29 (2021)
[8/37countries]
Women in ministerial positions (% of all ministers)50.0% (2021)
[6/38countries]
% of those who trust politicians36.0% (2014)
[6/26countries]
% of those who think that most politicians are in politics only for what they can get out of it personally57.0% (2010)
[16/25countries]
% of those who think that many politicians are involved in corruption22.3% (2016)
[19/25countries]
% of those who think that most politicians are in politics only for their own interest51.2% (2014)
[14/26countries]
Political party and organization
Finland
% of those who think that political parties encourage people to become active in politics38.6% (2014)
[4/26countries]
% of those who think that political parties do not give voters real policy choices47.8% (2014)
[15/26countries]
% of those who belong to a political party6.7% (2014)
[13/26countries]
% of those who think that people who vote for the party/the parties in government have the most influence on the actions of the government11.9% (2016)
[12/25countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, to be active in social or political associations3.11 (2014)
[26/26countries]
Parliament
Finland
% of those who have confidence in parliament67.1% (2018)
[8/24countries]
% of those who think that MPs try to keep the promises they have made during the election19.0% (2016)
[13/25countries]
% of those who think that the parliament considers your action if you take action against an unjust or harmful law12.2% (2014)
[20/26countries]
Political awareness
Finland
% of those interested in politics (5 choices)75.6% (2016)
[6/24countries]
% of those interested in politics (4 choices)44.3% (2014)
[19/26countries]
% of those who think that their political position is left9.8% (2014)
[22/26countries]
% of those who think that their political position is center41.9% (2014)
[19/26countries]
% of those who think that their political position is right22.7% (2014)
[6/26countries]
Average of political position5.56 (2014)
[4/26countries]
% of those who often or sometimes discuss political matters with friends, relatives or fellow workers48.2% (2014)
[15/26countries]
% of those who read the political content of a newspaper every day39.3% (2014)
[3/18countries]
% of those who never read the political content of a newspaper8.1% (2014)
[18/18countries]
% of those who use the media to obtain political news or information every day60.2% (2014)
[23/26countries]
% of those who never use the media to obtain political news or information4.8% (2014)
[10/26countries]
% of those who watch political news on television every day41.5% (2014)
[12/18countries]
% of those who never watch political news on television6.3% (2014)
[16/18countries]
% of those who listen to political news on the radio every day22.3% (2014)
[13/18countries]
% of those who never listen to political news on the radio20.6% (2014)
[17/18countries]
% of those who use the Internet to obtain political news or information every day24.4% (2014)
[8/17countries]
% of those who never use the Internet to obtain political news or information26.7% (2014)
[15/17countries]
% of those who have expressed political views on the internet13.9% (2014)
[11/26countries]
% of those who often or sometimes try to persuade your friends, relatives or fellow workers to share their political opinion18.7% (2014)
[23/26countries]
% of young people (-29) who often or sometimes discuss political matters with friends, relatives or fellow workers36.5% (2014)
[18/26countries]
% of those who think that others are better informed about politics and government27.7% (2014)
[13/26countries]
% of those who think that they understand political issues of the country56.2% (2016)
[11/25countries]
% of those who think that ordinary citizens have no political voice51.4% (2017)
[9/21countries]
% of those who think that citizens in general has the most influence on the actions of the government3.2% (2016)
[25/25countries]
% of those who do not think that the government cares much what people like them think47.9% (2014)
[19/26countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, to keep watch on the actions of government5.08 (2014)
[19/26countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, to try to understand the reasoning of people with other opinions5.58 (2014)
[14/26countries]
Political action
Finland
% of those who would take action when the parliament considers an unjust or harmful law21.7% (2014)
[22/26countries]
% of those who have attempted to contact a politician or a civil servant to express their views24.0% (2014)
[7/26countries]
% of those who have donated money or raised funds for a social or political activity37.0% (2014)
[13/26countries]
% of those who have signed a petition55.2% (2014)
[15/26countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, to choose products for political, ethical or environmental reasons, even if they cost a bit more4.71 (2014)
[9/26countries]
% of those who take part in activities of political parties, political groups or associations once a month or more2.9% (2017)
[11/21countries]
% of those who never take part in activities of political parties, political groups or associations86.4% (2017)
[11/21countries]
% of those who have attended a political meeting27.6% (2014)
[11/26countries]
% of those who think that it should be allowed to organise public meetings to protest against the government84.4% (2016)
[16/25countries]
% of those who have attended demonstrations13.2% (2014)
[22/26countries]
% of those who think that it should be allowed to organise protest marches and demonstrations87.6% (2016)
[7/25countries]
% of those who think that people who want to overthrow the government by revolution should be allowed to hold public meetings37.8% (2016)
[23/25countries]
% of those who think that people who want to overthrow the government by force should be allowed to hold public meetings7.4% (2014)
[23/26countries]
% of those who think that people who want to overthrow the government by revolution should be allowed to publish books expressing their views56.1% (2016)
[21/25countries]
Government
Finland
% of respondents reporting high levels of trust in national government 46.2% (2010)
[14/34countries]
Evaluation of government effectiveness1.929 (2019)
[3/38countries]
Evaluation of regulatory quality1.851 (2019)
[4/38countries]
Public officials
Finland
% of central government employees aged 55 years or older30.9% (2015)
[5/31countries]
% of those who trust in civil servants44.1% (2016)
[4/25countries]
% of those who think that the public service is committed to serve the people63.0% (2014)
[13/25countries]
Evaluation of control of corruption2.153 (2019)
[2/38countries]
% of those who think that few public officials are involved in corruption65.2% (2014)
[3/26countries]
% of those who think that many public officials are involved in corruption18.8% (2016)
[18/25countries]
% of those who say that they or their family have never come across a public official who hinted/ wanted a bribe in the last five years91.7% (2016)
[3/25countries]
Administrative services
Finland
% of those who turn to family members or close friends first to help them with administrative problems or official paperwork50.1% (2017)
[11/21countries]
% of those who turn to private companies first to help them with administrative problems or official paperwork3.1% (2017)
[16/21countries]
% of those who turn to public services first to help them with administrative problems or official paperwork33.5% (2017)
[2/21countries]
Public finance
Finland
General government primary net lending/borrowing as % of GDP-4.66% (2020)
[14/38countries]
General government gross debt as % of GDP67% (2020)
[18/38countries]
General government revenues as % of GDP51.9% (2020)
[2/38countries]
General government expenditures as % of GDP56.7% (2020)
[7/38countries]
% of those who are in favour of cuts in government spending44.0% (2016)
[23/25countries]
General government expenditures for General public services, as % of GDP8.0% (2018)
[3/33countries]
General government expenditures for Defence, as % of GDP1.2% (2018)
[14/33countries]
General government expenditures for Public order and safety, as % of GDP1.1% (2018)
[30/33countries]
General government expenditures for economic affairs, as % of GDP4.3% (2018)
[16/33countries]
General government expenditures for Environment protection, as % of GDP0.2% (2018)
[31/33countries]
General government expenditures for Housing and community amenities, as % of GDP0.3% (2018)
[25/33countries]
General government expenditures for Health, as % of GDP7.0% (2018)
[15/33countries]
General government expenditures for Recreation, culture and religion, as % of GDP1.5% (2018)
[8/33countries]
General government expenditures for Education, as % of GDP5.5% (2018)
[10/33countries]
General government expenditures for Social protection, as % of GDP24.2% (2018)
[1/33countries]
Tax
Finland
Value Added Tax/ General Sales Tax - Rates24.0% (2021)
[5/35countries]
Corporate income tax rate (central + sub-central)20.00% (2021)
[26/38countries]
Total tax revenue (% of GDP)42.2% (2019)
[7/38countries]
Taxes on income, profits and capital gains, % of GDP14.8% (2019)
[10/38countries]
Social security contributions, % of GDP11.8% (2019)
[14/38countries]
Taxes on property, % of GDP1.4% (2019)
[20/38countries]
Taxes on goods and services, % of GDP14.2% (2019)
[3/38countries]
% of those who think that taxes are too high for those with high incomes13.9% (2016)
[18/25countries]
% of those who think that taxes are too low for those with high incomes55.6% (2016)
[9/25countries]
% of those who think that people with high incomes should pay a larger % of their income in taxes than those with low incomes83.5% (2009)
[9/28countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, never to try to evade taxes6.07 (2014)
[17/26countries]
% of those who think that the tax authorities always/ often make sure people pay their taxes86.4% (2016)
[4/25countries]
% of those who think that the tax authorities always/ often treat everyone in accordance with the law, regardless of their contacts or position in society72.1% (2016)
[3/25countries]
Social security
Finland
% of those who are proud of their country in its social security system81.5% (2013)
[5/26countries]
% of those who think that the social benefits in their country make people lazy42.5% (2017)
[15/21countries]
% of those who would like to see more government spending in old age pensions53.4% (2016)
[20/25countries]
% of those who agree that the government is responsible for providing a decent standard of living for the old97.2% (2016)
[8/25countries]
% of those who think that the government is successful in the provision of decent life for the old25.9% (2016)
[8/15countries]
% of those who think that the government should primarily provide care for older people87.6% (2017)
[3/21countries]
% of those who think that private companies should primarily provide care for older people3.4% (2017)
[16/21countries]
% of those who think that family, relatives or friends should primarily provide care for older people1.6% (2017)
[19/21countries]
% of those who think "government agencies should primarily provide help in everyday life for elderly people65.3% (2012)
[5/27countries]
% of those who think that the government/public funds should primarily cover the costs of the help to elderly people71.8% (2012)
[6/27countries]
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages)70 (2009)
[29/36countries]
% of those who think that 1-6 months of paid parental leave is necessary 19.2% (2012)
[16/27countries]
% of those who think that 7-12 months of paid parental leave is necessary 35.8% (2012)
[12/27countries]
% of those who think that 13-36 months of paid parental leave is necessary 29.9% (2012)
[8/27countries]
% of those who think that the government should pay for parental leave46.3% (2012)
[13/27countries]
% of those who think that the employer should pay for parental leave4.0% (2012)
[18/27countries]
% of those who think that both the government and the employer should pay for parental leave46.6% (2012)
[14/27countries]
% of those who think the employers should primarily cover the costs of childcare for children under school age2.0% (2012)
[15/27countries]
% of those who think the family itself should primarily cover the costs of childcare for children under school age40.5% (2012)
[21/27countries]
% of those who think the government/public funds should primarily cover the costs of childcare for children under school age57.5% (2012)
[6/27countries]
% of those who think government agencies should primarily provide childcare for children under school age80.7% (2012)
[2/27countries]
% of those who think that poverty is the most important issue for their country8.2% (2010)
[10/25countries]
% of those who think that the government should spend less on benefits for the poor7.8% (2009)
[21/28countries]
% of those who agree that the government is responsible for providing decent housing for those who can't afford it86.6% (2016)
[5/25countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, to help people in the country who are worse off than themselves5.26 (2014)
[19/26countries]
Law and Justice
Finland
Evaluation of rule of law2.022 (2019)
[1/38countries]
% of those who think that it is worse to convict an innocent person than to let a guilty person go free73.4% (2016)
[16/25countries]
% of those who follow conscience rather than law on occasions (2 choices)57.9% (2016)
[13/25countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, always to obey laws and regulations6.05 (2014)
[19/26countries]
Extent to which people trust the courts6.96 (2017)
[3/21countries]
% of those who have confidence in the justice system (5 choices)90.0% (2018)
[3/24countries]