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Election and Democracy
Japan
Voter turnout in the national election52.7% (June 2019 or latest)
[30/36countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, always to vote in elections5.53 (2014)
[18/26countries]
% of those who think that the last national election was honest regarding the counting and reporting of the votes66.4% (2014)
[18/26countries]
% of those who think that the last national election was fair regarding the opportunities of the candidates and parties to campaign46.3% (2014)
[19/26countries]
% of those who think that referendums are a good way to decide important political questions61.2% (2014)
[17/26countries]
% of those who are proud of their country in the way democracy works71.5% (2013)
[8/26countries]
% of those who think that giving people more say is the most important aim of the country out of maintaining national order/ giving people more say/ fighting rising prices/ protecting freedom of speech43.9% (2010)
[2/25countries]
% of those who think that protecting freedom of speech is the most important aim of the country out of maintaining national order/ giving people more say/ fighting rising prices/ protecting freedom of speech3.6% (2010)
[24/25countries]
Extent to which people think democracy works well in their country today5.24 (2014)
[16/26countries]
Extent to which people think democracy worked well in their country 10 years ago5.33 (2014)
[18/26countries]
Extent to which people think democracy will work well in their country 10 years from now4.82 (2014)
[21/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that all citizens have an adequate standard of living5.97 (2014)
[24/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that government authorities respect and protect the rights of minorities4.59 (2014)
[26/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that people be given more opportunities to participate in public decision-making5.34 (2014)
[25/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that citizens may engage in acts of civil disobedience when they oppose government actions4.43 (2014)
[17/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that governments respect democratic rights whatever the circumstances5.66 (2014)
[24/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that people convicted of serious crimes lose their citizen rights4.94 (2014)
[15/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that long-term residents of a country, who are not citizens, have the right to vote in that countryfs national elections4.59 (2014)
[6/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that citizens have the right not to vote3.61 (2014)
[26/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that health care be provided for everyone6.43 (2014)
[18/26countries]
Politician
Japan
Number of total seats in the Parliament707 (2017)
[4/36countries]
Number of total seats in the Parliament per 1 million population5.57 (2017)
[34/36countries]
Number of seats in the House of Representatives465 (2017)
[7/36countries]
Number of seats in the House of Representatives per 1 million population3.66 (2017)
[35/36countries]
% of seats held by women in national parliaments10.1% (2017)
[35/36countries]
Women in ministerial positions (% of all ministers)15.8% (2017)
[30/35countries]
% of those who trust politicians9.3% (2014)
[25/26countries]
% of those who think that most politicians are in politics only for what they can get out of it personally62.0% (2010)
[13/25countries]
% of those who think that many politicians are involved in corruption36.2% (2016)
[14/25countries]
% of those who think that most politicians are in politics only for their own interest52.9% (2014)
[11/26countries]
Political party and organization
Japan
% of those who think that political parties encourage people to become active in politics18.4% (2014)
[24/26countries]
% of those who think that political parties do not give voters real policy choices53.4% (2014)
[7/26countries]
% of those who belong to a political party5.4% (2014)
[17/26countries]
% of those who think that people who vote for the party/the parties in government have the most influence on the actions of the government18.3% (2016)
[4/25countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, to be active in social or political associations3.82 (2014)
[18/26countries]
Parliament
Japan
% of those who have confidence in parliament26.7% (2008)
[28/30countries]
% of those who think that MPs try to keep the promises they have made during the election10.2% (2016)
[22/25countries]
% of those who think that the parliament considers your action if you take action against an unjust or harmful law6.2% (2014)
[25/26countries]
Political awareness
Japan
% of those interested in politics (5 choices)68.0% (2016)
[15/24countries]
% of those interested in politics (4 choices)63.3% (2014)
[4/26countries]
% of those who think that their political position is left4.1% (2014)
[26/26countries]
% of those who think that their political position is center63.2% (2014)
[2/26countries]
% of those who think that their political position is right14.5% (2014)
[19/26countries]
Average of political position5.51 (2014)
[5/26countries]
% of those who often or sometimes discuss political matters with friends, relatives or fellow workers44.8% (2014)
[17/26countries]
% of those who read the political content of a newspaper every day37.8% (2014)
[4/18countries]
% of those who never read the political content of a newspaper28.1% (2014)
[9/18countries]
% of those who use the media to obtain political news or information every day62.0% (2014)
[22/26countries]
% of those who never use the media to obtain political news or information4.5% (2014)
[11/26countries]
% of those who watch political news on television every day60.5% (2014)
[4/18countries]
% of those who never watch political news on television7.0% (2014)
[9/18countries]
% of those who listen to political news on the radio every day15.3% (2014)
[15/18countries]
% of those who never listen to political news on the radio63.5% (2014)
[3/18countries]
% of those who use the Internet to obtain political news or information every day19.3% (2014)
[12/17countries]
% of those who never use the Internet to obtain political news or information57.5% (2014)
[4/17countries]
% of those who have expressed political views on the internet1.9% (2014)
[26/26countries]
% of those who often or sometimes try to persuade your friends, relatives or fellow workers to share their political opinion14.4% (2014)
[26/26countries]
% of those who think that they understand political issues of the country17.8% (2016)
[25/25countries]
% of those who think that others are better informed about politics and government24.0% (2014)
[17/26countries]
% of those who think that ordinary citizens have no political voice16.0% (2016)
[25/25countries]
% of those who do not think that the government cares much what people like them think65.9% (2014)
[7/26countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, to keep watch on the actions of government5.53 (2014)
[11/26countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, to try to understand the reasoning of people with other opinions5.28 (2014)
[22/26countries]
Political action
Japan
% of those who would take action when the parliament considers an unjust or harmful law20.8% (2014)
[23/26countries]
% of those who have attempted to contact a politician or a civil servant to express their views4.6% (2014)
[25/26countries]
% of those who have donated money or raised funds for a social or political activity25.5% (2014)
[19/26countries]
% of those who have signed a petition42.6% (2014)
[18/26countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, to choose products for political, ethical or environmental reasons, even if they cost a bit more4.33 (2014)
[19/26countries]
% of those who have attended a political meeting10.7% (2014)
[23/26countries]
% of those who think that it should be allowed to organise public meetings to protest against the government87.4% (2016)
[13/25countries]
% of those who have attended demonstrations7.1% (2014)
[24/26countries]
% of those who think that it should be allowed to organise protest marches and demonstrations78.4% (2016)
[16/25countries]
% of those who think that people who want to overthrow the government by revolution should be allowed to hold public meetings67.5% (2016)
[5/25countries]
% of those who think that people who want to overthrow the government by force should be allowed to hold public meetings4.7% (2014)
[25/26countries]
% of those who think that people who want to overthrow the government by revolution should be allowed to publish books expressing their views77.2% (2016)
[4/25countries]
Government
Japan
% of respondents reporting high levels of trust in national government 27.0% (2010)
[29/34countries]
Public officials
Japan
% of central government employees aged 55 years or older16.3% (2015)
[29/31countries]
% of those who trust in civil servants17.3% (2016)
[19/25countries]
% of those who think that the public service is committed to serve the people24.6% (2014)
[25/25countries]
% of those who think that few public officials are involved in corruption35.3% (2014)
[12/26countries]
% of those who think that many public officials are involved in corruption18.9% (2016)
[17/25countries]
% of those who say that they or their family have never come across a public official who hinted/ wanted a bribe in the last five years87.1% (2016)
[12/25countries]
Public finance
Japan
General government expenditure, % of GDP39.4% (2015)
[26/35countries]
General government revenue, % of GDP35.9% (2015)
[26/35countries]
General government fiscal balance, % of GDP-3.5% (2015)
[30/36countries]
General government gross debt, % of GDP221.8% (2015)
[1/35countries]
General government financial net worth (% of GDP)-126.1% (2015)
[31/33countries]
% of those who are in favour of cuts in government spending74.1% (2016)
[7/25countries]
General government expenditures for Defence, as % of total budget2.26% (2016)
[22/32countries]
General government expenditures for Public order and safety, as % of total budget3.17% (2016)
[24/32countries]
General government expenditures for economic affairs, as % of total budget9.36% (2016)
[18/32countries]
General government expenditures for Environment protection, as % of total budget3.01% (2016)
[3/32countries]
General government expenditures for Housing and community amenities, as % of total budget1.74% (2016)
[6/32countries]
General government expenditures for Health, as % of total budget19.36% (2016)
[3/32countries]
General government expenditures for Recreation, culture and religion, as % of total budget0.96% (2016)
[31/32countries]
General government expenditures for Education, as % of total budget8.58% (2016)
[31/32countries]
General government expenditures for Social protection, as % of total budget41.37% (2016)
[10/32countries]
General government expenditures for Defence, as % of GDP0.88% (2016)
[24/32countries]
General government expenditures for Public order and safety, as % of GDP1.24% (2016)
[27/32countries]
General government expenditures for economic affairs, as % of GDP3.66% (2016)
[22/32countries]
General government expenditures for Environment protection, as % of GDP1.18% (2016)
[3/32countries]
General government expenditures for Housing and community amenities, as % of GDP0.68% (2016)
[9/32countries]
General government expenditures for Health, as % of GDP7.56% (2016)
[7/32countries]
General government expenditures for Recreation, culture and religion, as % of GDP0.38% (2016)
[30/32countries]
General government expenditures for Education, as % of GDP3.35% (2016)
[31/32countries]
General government expenditures for Social protection, as % of GDP16.15% (2016)
[16/32countries]
Tax
Japan
Value Added Tax/ General Sales Tax - Rates8.0% (2015)
[31/33countries]
Corporate income tax rate (central + sub-central)29.74% (2018)
[6/36countries]
Ease of paying taxes (world rank)70 (2016)
[30/36countries]
Profit tax (% of proft)27.9% (2010)
[2/36countries]
Labor tax and contributions (% of proft)14.7% (2010)
[27/36countries]
Total tax rate (% of proft)48.6% (2010)
[12/36countries]
% of those who think that taxes are too high for those with high incomes17.9% (2016)
[13/25countries]
% of those who think that taxes are too low for those with high incomes57.5% (2016)
[7/25countries]
% of those who think that people with high incomes should pay a larger % of their income in taxes than those with low incomes88.0% (2009)
[2/28countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, never to try to evade taxes6.42 (2014)
[5/26countries]
% of those who think that the tax authorities always/ often make sure people pay their taxes67.5% (2016)
[19/25countries]
% of those who think that the tax authorities always/ often treat everyone in accordance with the law, regardless of their contacts or position in society54.7% (2016)
[9/25countries]
Social security
Japan
Public social expenditure (% of GDP)23.1% (2013)
[14/34countries]
% of those who are proud of their country in its social security system56.2% (2013)
[12/26countries]
% of those who would like to see more government spending in old age pensions46.1% (2016)
[22/25countries]
% of those who agree that the government is responsible for providing a decent standard of living for the old76.3% (2016)
[25/25countries]
% of those who think that the government is successful in the provision of decent life for the old25.3% (2016)
[10/15countries]
% of those who think that the government should primarily provide care for older people48.3% (2016)
[25/25countries]
% of those who think that private companies should primarily provide care for older people23.8% (2016)
[1/25countries]
% of those who think that family, relatives or friends should primarily provide care for older people21.2% (2016)
[5/25countries]
% of those who think "government agencies should primarily provide help in everyday life for elderly people20.5% (2012)
[24/27countries]
% of those who think that the government/public funds should primarily cover the costs of the help to elderly people53.1% (2012)
[20/27countries]
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages)67 (2009)
[30/34countries]
% of those who think that 1-6 months of paid parental leave is necessary 39.3% (2012)
[9/27countries]
% of those who think that 7-12 months of paid parental leave is necessary 31.8% (2012)
[14/27countries]
% of those who think that 13-36 months of paid parental leave is necessary 16.8% (2012)
[13/27countries]
% of those who think that the government should pay for parental leave26.1% (2012)
[21/27countries]
% of those who think that the employer should pay for parental leave12.4% (2012)
[6/27countries]
% of those who think that both the government and the employer should pay for parental leave59.5% (2012)
[7/27countries]
% of those who think the employers should primarily cover the costs of childcare for children under school age1.1% (2012)
[22/27countries]
% of those who think the family itself should primarily cover the costs of childcare for children under school age60.3% (2012)
[9/27countries]
% of those who think the government/public funds should primarily cover the costs of childcare for children under school age38.6% (2012)
[17/27countries]
% of those who think government agencies should primarily provide childcare for children under school age11.1% (2012)
[25/27countries]
% of those who think that poverty is the most important issue for their country4.8% (2010)
[19/25countries]
% of those who think that the government should spend less on benefits for the poor7.4% (2009)
[23/28countries]
% of those who agree that the government is responsible for providing decent housing for those who can't afford it37.6% (2016)
[25/25countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, to help people in the country who are worse off than themselves5.03 (2014)
[24/26countries]
Law and Justice
Japan
% of those who think that it is worse to convict an innocent person than to let a guilty person go free73.9% (2016)
[13/25countries]
% of those who follow conscience rather than law on occasions (2 choices)65.6% (2016)
[4/25countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, always to obey laws and regulations6.36 (2014)
[6/26countries]
% of respondents reporting high levels of trust in judicial system and courts62.6% (2010)
[9/34countries]
% of those who have confidence in the justice system (5 choices)73.0% (2008)
[13/30countries]