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Election and Democracy
Republic of Korea
Voter turnout in the national election58.0% (June 2019 or latest)
[27/36countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, always to vote in elections6.01 (2014)
[8/26countries]
% of those who think that the last national election was honest regarding the counting and reporting of the votes59.0% (2014)
[21/26countries]
% of those who think that the last national election was fair regarding the opportunities of the candidates and parties to campaign52.9% (2014)
[15/26countries]
% of those who think that referendums are a good way to decide important political questions74.5% (2014)
[3/26countries]
% of those who are proud of their country in the way democracy works55.0% (2013)
[16/26countries]
% of those who think that giving people more say is the most important aim of the country out of maintaining national order/ giving people more say/ fighting rising prices/ protecting freedom of speech15.8% (2010)
[24/25countries]
% of those who think that protecting freedom of speech is the most important aim of the country out of maintaining national order/ giving people more say/ fighting rising prices/ protecting freedom of speech9.0% (2010)
[19/25countries]
Extent to which people think democracy works well in their country today5.62 (2014)
[13/26countries]
Extent to which people think democracy worked well in their country 10 years ago4.55 (2014)
[22/26countries]
Extent to which people think democracy will work well in their country 10 years from now6.67 (2014)
[5/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that all citizens have an adequate standard of living5.86 (2014)
[25/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that government authorities respect and protect the rights of minorities5.61 (2014)
[24/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that people be given more opportunities to participate in public decision-making6.01 (2014)
[10/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that citizens may engage in acts of civil disobedience when they oppose government actions5.26 (2014)
[9/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that governments respect democratic rights whatever the circumstances5.90 (2014)
[20/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that people convicted of serious crimes lose their citizen rights5.22 (2014)
[9/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that long-term residents of a country, who are not citizens, have the right to vote in that countryfs national elections4.59 (2014)
[6/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that citizens have the right not to vote3.92 (2014)
[24/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that health care be provided for everyone6.10 (2014)
[24/26countries]
Politician
Republic of Korea
Number of total seats in the Parliament300 (2017)
[13/36countries]
Number of total seats in the Parliament per 1 million population5.85 (2017)
[33/36countries]
Number of seats in the House of Representatives300 (2017)
[13/36countries]
Number of seats in the House of Representatives per 1 million population5.85 (2017)
[33/36countries]
% of seats held by women in national parliaments17.0% (2017)
[31/36countries]
Women in ministerial positions (% of all ministers)9.1% (2017)
[33/35countries]
% of those who trust politicians20.2% (2014)
[17/26countries]
% of those who think that most politicians are in politics only for what they can get out of it personally72.9% (2010)
[7/25countries]
% of those who think that many politicians are involved in corruption72.0% (2016)
[5/25countries]
% of those who think that most politicians are in politics only for their own interest65.0% (2014)
[9/26countries]
Political party and organization
Republic of Korea
% of those who think that political parties encourage people to become active in politics15.3% (2014)
[25/26countries]
% of those who think that political parties do not give voters real policy choices42.4% (2014)
[17/26countries]
% of those who belong to a political party5.0% (2014)
[20/26countries]
% of those who think that people who vote for the party/the parties in government have the most influence on the actions of the government18.4% (2016)
[3/25countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, to be active in social or political associations4.27 (2014)
[8/26countries]
Parliament
Republic of Korea
% of those who have confidence in parliament30.1% (2008)
[27/30countries]
% of those who think that MPs try to keep the promises they have made during the election11.0% (2016)
[19/25countries]
% of those who think that the parliament considers your action if you take action against an unjust or harmful law24.2% (2014)
[4/26countries]
Political awareness
Republic of Korea
% of those interested in politics (5 choices)50.1% (2016)
[21/24countries]
% of those interested in politics (4 choices)48.1% (2014)
[18/26countries]
% of those who think that their political position is left4.6% (2014)
[25/26countries]
% of those who think that their political position is center64.6% (2014)
[1/26countries]
% of those who think that their political position is right12.9% (2014)
[20/26countries]
Average of political position5.41 (2014)
[7/26countries]
% of those who often or sometimes discuss political matters with friends, relatives or fellow workers54.2% (2014)
[11/26countries]
% of those who read the political content of a newspaper every day36.2% (2014)
[5/18countries]
% of those who never read the political content of a newspaper29.0% (2014)
[7/18countries]
% of those who use the media to obtain political news or information every day75.0% (2014)
[11/26countries]
% of those who never use the media to obtain political news or information3.1% (2014)
[19/26countries]
% of those who watch political news on television every day58.0% (2014)
[5/18countries]
% of those who never watch political news on television6.6% (2014)
[13/18countries]
% of those who listen to political news on the radio every day11.9% (2014)
[18/18countries]
% of those who never listen to political news on the radio63.7% (2014)
[2/18countries]
% of those who use the Internet to obtain political news or information every day43.9% (2014)
[1/17countries]
% of those who never use the Internet to obtain political news or information26.6% (2014)
[16/17countries]
% of those who have expressed political views on the internet5.5% (2014)
[23/26countries]
% of those who often or sometimes try to persuade your friends, relatives or fellow workers to share their political opinion31.3% (2014)
[13/26countries]
% of those who think that they understand political issues of the country35.5% (2016)
[19/25countries]
% of those who think that others are better informed about politics and government34.2% (2014)
[7/26countries]
% of those who think that ordinary citizens have no political voice30.9% (2016)
[23/25countries]
% of those who do not think that the government cares much what people like them think59.3% (2014)
[10/26countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, to keep watch on the actions of government5.51 (2014)
[12/26countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, to try to understand the reasoning of people with other opinions5.57 (2014)
[15/26countries]
Political action
Republic of Korea
% of those who would take action when the parliament considers an unjust or harmful law27.3% (2014)
[21/26countries]
% of those who have attempted to contact a politician or a civil servant to express their views7.5% (2014)
[22/26countries]
% of those who have donated money or raised funds for a social or political activity27.9% (2014)
[18/26countries]
% of those who have signed a petition40.1% (2014)
[19/26countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, to choose products for political, ethical or environmental reasons, even if they cost a bit more5.02 (2014)
[5/26countries]
% of those who have attended a political meeting9.1% (2014)
[25/26countries]
% of those who think that it should be allowed to organise public meetings to protest against the government80.4% (2016)
[20/25countries]
% of those who have attended demonstrations13.9% (2014)
[21/26countries]
% of those who think that it should be allowed to organise protest marches and demonstrations63.2% (2016)
[24/25countries]
% of those who think that people who want to overthrow the government by revolution should be allowed to hold public meetings49.1% (2016)
[19/25countries]
% of those who think that people who want to overthrow the government by force should be allowed to hold public meetings11.4% (2014)
[19/26countries]
% of those who think that people who want to overthrow the government by revolution should be allowed to publish books expressing their views58.5% (2016)
[18/25countries]
Government
Republic of Korea
% of respondents reporting high levels of trust in national government 32.4% (2010)
[25/34countries]
Public officials
Republic of Korea
% of central government employees aged 55 years or older12.2% (2015)
[31/31countries]
% of those who trust in civil servants21.5% (2016)
[17/25countries]
% of those who think that the public service is committed to serve the people47.9% (2014)
[19/25countries]
% of those who think that few public officials are involved in corruption22.4% (2014)
[19/26countries]
% of those who think that many public officials are involved in corruption45.7% (2016)
[10/25countries]
% of those who say that they or their family have never come across a public official who hinted/ wanted a bribe in the last five years84.7% (2016)
[15/25countries]
Public finance
Republic of Korea
General government expenditure, % of GDP32.4% (2015)
[33/35countries]
General government revenue, % of GDP33.8% (2015)
[32/35countries]
General government fiscal balance, % of GDP1.4% (2015)
[2/36countries]
General government gross debt, % of GDP45.8% (2015)
[27/35countries]
% of those who are in favour of cuts in government spending51.2% (2016)
[18/25countries]
General government expenditures for Defence, as % of total budget7.60% (2016)
[3/32countries]
General government expenditures for Public order and safety, as % of total budget4.17% (2016)
[16/32countries]
General government expenditures for economic affairs, as % of total budget15.18% (2016)
[1/32countries]
General government expenditures for Environment protection, as % of total budget2.38% (2016)
[5/32countries]
General government expenditures for Housing and community amenities, as % of total budget2.37% (2016)
[3/32countries]
General government expenditures for Health, as % of total budget13.23% (2016)
[22/32countries]
General government expenditures for Recreation, culture and religion, as % of total budget2.34% (2016)
[19/32countries]
General government expenditures for Education, as % of total budget16.07% (2016)
[4/32countries]
General government expenditures for Social protection, as % of total budget20.48% (2016)
[31/32countries]
General government expenditures for Defence, as % of GDP2.45% (2016)
[3/32countries]
General government expenditures for Public order and safety, as % of GDP1.34% (2016)
[24/32countries]
General government expenditures for economic affairs, as % of GDP4.90% (2016)
[9/32countries]
General government expenditures for Environment protection, as % of GDP0.77% (2016)
[11/32countries]
General government expenditures for Housing and community amenities, as % of GDP0.77% (2016)
[6/32countries]
General government expenditures for Health, as % of GDP4.27% (2016)
[29/32countries]
General government expenditures for Recreation, culture and religion, as % of GDP0.75% (2016)
[25/32countries]
General government expenditures for Education, as % of GDP5.18% (2016)
[17/32countries]
General government expenditures for Social protection, as % of GDP6.61% (2016)
[31/32countries]
Tax
Republic of Korea
Value Added Tax/ General Sales Tax - Rates10.0% (2015)
[29/33countries]
Corporate income tax rate (central + sub-central)27.50% (2018)
[11/36countries]
Ease of paying taxes (world rank)23 (2016)
[12/36countries]
Profit tax (% of proft)15.3% (2010)
[21/36countries]
Labor tax and contributions (% of proft)12.9% (2010)
[28/36countries]
Total tax rate (% of proft)29.8% (2010)
[30/36countries]
% of those who think that taxes are too high for those with high incomes7.5% (2016)
[25/25countries]
% of those who think that taxes are too low for those with high incomes74.9% (2016)
[1/25countries]
% of those who think that people with high incomes should pay a larger % of their income in taxes than those with low incomes93.6% (2009)
[1/28countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, never to try to evade taxes6.20 (2014)
[9/26countries]
% of those who think that the tax authorities always/ often make sure people pay their taxes54.0% (2016)
[24/25countries]
% of those who think that the tax authorities always/ often treat everyone in accordance with the law, regardless of their contacts or position in society27.2% (2016)
[24/25countries]
Social security
Republic of Korea
Public social expenditure (% of GDP)9.3% (2013)
[34/34countries]
% of those who are proud of their country in its social security system42.3% (2013)
[16/26countries]
% of those who would like to see more government spending in old age pensions55.1% (2016)
[19/25countries]
% of those who agree that the government is responsible for providing a decent standard of living for the old84.0% (2016)
[24/25countries]
% of those who think that the government is successful in the provision of decent life for the old33.6% (2016)
[7/15countries]
% of those who think that the government should primarily provide care for older people51.9% (2016)
[22/25countries]
% of those who think that private companies should primarily provide care for older people5.8% (2016)
[12/25countries]
% of those who think that family, relatives or friends should primarily provide care for older people24.0% (2016)
[4/25countries]
% of those who think "government agencies should primarily provide help in everyday life for elderly people54.1% (2012)
[6/27countries]
% of those who think that the government/public funds should primarily cover the costs of the help to elderly people70.0% (2012)
[9/27countries]
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages)100 (2009)
[1/34countries]
% of those who think that 1-6 months of paid parental leave is necessary 51.5% (2012)
[5/27countries]
% of those who think that 7-12 months of paid parental leave is necessary 28.7% (2012)
[16/27countries]
% of those who think that 13-36 months of paid parental leave is necessary 13.1% (2012)
[15/27countries]
% of those who think that the government should pay for parental leave29.0% (2012)
[20/27countries]
% of those who think that the employer should pay for parental leave13.5% (2012)
[5/27countries]
% of those who think that both the government and the employer should pay for parental leave57.4% (2012)
[10/27countries]
% of those who think the employers should primarily cover the costs of childcare for children under school age5.8% (2012)
[4/27countries]
% of those who think the family itself should primarily cover the costs of childcare for children under school age38.3% (2012)
[23/27countries]
% of those who think the government/public funds should primarily cover the costs of childcare for children under school age55.9% (2012)
[9/27countries]
% of those who think government agencies should primarily provide childcare for children under school age27.8% (2012)
[13/27countries]
% of those who think that poverty is the most important issue for their country5.6% (2010)
[15/25countries]
% of those who think that the government should spend less on benefits for the poor9.9% (2009)
[17/28countries]
% of those who agree that the government is responsible for providing decent housing for those who can't afford it75.2% (2016)
[18/25countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, to help people in the country who are worse off than themselves5.22 (2014)
[20/26countries]
Law and Justice
Republic of Korea
% of those who think that it is worse to convict an innocent person than to let a guilty person go free59.5% (2016)
[24/25countries]
% of those who follow conscience rather than law on occasions (2 choices)49.9% (2016)
[15/25countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, always to obey laws and regulations6.14 (2014)
[14/26countries]
% of respondents reporting high levels of trust in judicial system and courts31.8% (2010)
[29/34countries]
% of those who have confidence in the justice system (5 choices)77.9% (2008)
[9/30countries]