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Election and Democracy
Belgium
Voter turnout in the national election89.4% (March 2019 or latest)
[3/36countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, always to vote in elections5.31 (2014)
[24/26countries]
% of those who think that the last national election was honest regarding the counting and reporting of the votes74.8% (2014)
[10/26countries]
% of those who think that the last national election was fair regarding the opportunities of the candidates and parties to campaign61.6% (2014)
[10/26countries]
% of those who think that referendums are a good way to decide important political questions59.8% (2014)
[20/26countries]
% of those who are proud of their country in the way democracy works59.7% (2013)
[11/26countries]
% of those who think that giving people more say is the most important aim of the country out of maintaining national order/ giving people more say/ fighting rising prices/ protecting freedom of speech20.6% (2010)
[18/25countries]
% of those who think that protecting freedom of speech is the most important aim of the country out of maintaining national order/ giving people more say/ fighting rising prices/ protecting freedom of speech10.9% (2010)
[11/25countries]
Extent to which people think democracy works well in their country today5.47 (2014)
[14/26countries]
Extent to which people think democracy worked well in their country 10 years ago5.88 (2014)
[13/26countries]
Extent to which people think democracy will work well in their country 10 years from now4.71 (2014)
[24/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that all citizens have an adequate standard of living6.41 (2014)
[14/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that government authorities respect and protect the rights of minorities6.14 (2014)
[8/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that people be given more opportunities to participate in public decision-making5.52 (2014)
[23/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that citizens may engage in acts of civil disobedience when they oppose government actions4.30 (2014)
[19/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that governments respect democratic rights whatever the circumstances6.03 (2014)
[16/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that people convicted of serious crimes lose their citizen rights5.78 (2014)
[2/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that long-term residents of a country, who are not citizens, have the right to vote in that countryfs national elections3.71 (2014)
[17/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that citizens have the right not to vote4.55 (2014)
[20/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that health care be provided for everyone6.53 (2014)
[15/26countries]
Politician
Belgium
Number of total seats in the Parliament210 (2017)
[22/36countries]
Number of total seats in the Parliament per 1 million population18.51 (2017)
[21/36countries]
Number of seats in the House of Representatives150 (2017)
[24/36countries]
Number of seats in the House of Representatives per 1 million population13.22 (2017)
[21/36countries]
% of seats held by women in national parliaments38.0% (2017)
[9/36countries]
Women in ministerial positions (% of all ministers)23.1% (2017)
[20/35countries]
% of those who trust politicians21.0% (2014)
[15/26countries]
% of those who think that most politicians are in politics only for what they can get out of it personally53.6% (2010)
[18/25countries]
% of those who think that many politicians are involved in corruption36.1% (2016)
[15/25countries]
% of those who think that most politicians are in politics only for their own interest50.5% (2014)
[15/26countries]
Political party and organization
Belgium
% of those who think that political parties encourage people to become active in politics15.3% (2014)
[25/26countries]
% of those who think that political parties do not give voters real policy choices60.0% (2014)
[5/26countries]
% of those who belong to a political party6.9% (2014)
[11/26countries]
% of those who think that people who vote for the party/the parties in government have the most influence on the actions of the government10.8% (2016)
[17/25countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, to be active in social or political associations3.84 (2014)
[17/26countries]
Parliament
Belgium
% of those who have confidence in parliament53.2% (2008)
[15/30countries]
% of those who think that MPs try to keep the promises they have made during the election19.0% (2016)
[13/25countries]
% of those who think that the parliament considers your action if you take action against an unjust or harmful law11.5% (2014)
[21/26countries]
Political awareness
Belgium
% of those interested in politics (5 choices)72.3% (2016)
[10/24countries]
% of those interested in politics (4 choices)49.2% (2014)
[17/26countries]
% of those who think that their political position is left14.4% (2014)
[9/26countries]
% of those who think that their political position is center45.9% (2014)
[14/26countries]
% of those who think that their political position is right15.5% (2014)
[18/26countries]
Average of political position5.11 (2014)
[19/26countries]
% of those who often or sometimes discuss political matters with friends, relatives or fellow workers59.1% (2014)
[9/26countries]
% of those who read the political content of a newspaper every day31.9% (2014)
[7/18countries]
% of those who never read the political content of a newspaper21.0% (2014)
[12/18countries]
% of those who use the media to obtain political news or information every day78.5% (2014)
[5/26countries]
% of those who never use the media to obtain political news or information4.4% (2014)
[12/26countries]
% of those who watch political news on television every day38.7% (2014)
[16/18countries]
% of those who never watch political news on television12.7% (2014)
[4/18countries]
% of those who listen to political news on the radio every day34.1% (2014)
[4/18countries]
% of those who never listen to political news on the radio22.7% (2014)
[14/18countries]
% of those who use the Internet to obtain political news or information every day31.7% (2014)
[3/17countries]
% of those who never use the Internet to obtain political news or information32.4% (2014)
[14/17countries]
% of those who have expressed political views on the internet14.1% (2014)
[9/26countries]
% of those who often or sometimes try to persuade your friends, relatives or fellow workers to share their political opinion41.2% (2014)
[6/26countries]
% of those who think that they understand political issues of the country54.5% (2016)
[12/25countries]
% of those who think that others are better informed about politics and government21.8% (2014)
[18/26countries]
% of those who think that ordinary citizens have no political voice64.4% (2016)
[7/25countries]
% of those who do not think that the government cares much what people like them think61.7% (2014)
[9/26countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, to keep watch on the actions of government4.93 (2014)
[23/26countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, to try to understand the reasoning of people with other opinions5.55 (2014)
[17/26countries]
Political action
Belgium
% of those who would take action when the parliament considers an unjust or harmful law37.5% (2014)
[10/26countries]
% of those who have attempted to contact a politician or a civil servant to express their views24.4% (2014)
[6/26countries]
% of those who have donated money or raised funds for a social or political activity44.4% (2014)
[8/26countries]
% of those who have signed a petition75.0% (2014)
[2/26countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, to choose products for political, ethical or environmental reasons, even if they cost a bit more4.29 (2014)
[22/26countries]
% of those who have attended a political meeting26.6% (2014)
[12/26countries]
% of those who think that it should be allowed to organise public meetings to protest against the government89.5% (2016)
[11/25countries]
% of those who have attended demonstrations37.4% (2014)
[3/26countries]
% of those who think that it should be allowed to organise protest marches and demonstrations82.6% (2016)
[12/25countries]
% of those who think that people who want to overthrow the government by revolution should be allowed to hold public meetings55.5% (2016)
[17/25countries]
% of those who think that people who want to overthrow the government by force should be allowed to hold public meetings9.9% (2014)
[20/26countries]
% of those who think that people who want to overthrow the government by revolution should be allowed to publish books expressing their views69.4% (2016)
[11/25countries]
Government
Belgium
% of respondents reporting high levels of trust in national government 33.7% (2010)
[21/34countries]
Public officials
Belgium
% of central government employees aged 55 years or older27.6% (2015)
[8/31countries]
% of those who trust in civil servants25.2% (2016)
[12/25countries]
% of those who think that the public service is committed to serve the people63.3% (2014)
[11/25countries]
% of those who think that few public officials are involved in corruption49.2% (2014)
[9/26countries]
% of those who think that many public officials are involved in corruption22.9% (2016)
[14/25countries]
% of those who say that they or their family have never come across a public official who hinted/ wanted a bribe in the last five years81.5% (2016)
[17/25countries]
Public finance
Belgium
General government expenditure, % of GDP53.9% (2015)
[5/35countries]
General government revenue, % of GDP51.4% (2015)
[5/35countries]
General government fiscal balance, % of GDP-2.5% (2015)
[23/36countries]
General government gross debt, % of GDP126.7% (2015)
[5/35countries]
General government financial net worth (% of GDP)-97.9% (2015)
[29/33countries]
% of those who are in favour of cuts in government spending73.9% (2016)
[8/25countries]
General government expenditures for Defence, as % of total budget1.54% (2016)
[27/32countries]
General government expenditures for Public order and safety, as % of total budget3.24% (2016)
[23/32countries]
General government expenditures for economic affairs, as % of total budget12.17% (2016)
[6/32countries]
General government expenditures for Environment protection, as % of total budget1.59% (2016)
[14/32countries]
General government expenditures for Housing and community amenities, as % of total budget0.64% (2016)
[27/32countries]
General government expenditures for Health, as % of total budget13.90% (2016)
[21/32countries]
General government expenditures for Recreation, culture and religion, as % of total budget2.33% (2016)
[20/32countries]
General government expenditures for Education, as % of total budget12.04% (2016)
[17/32countries]
General government expenditures for Social protection, as % of total budget37.60% (2016)
[17/32countries]
General government expenditures for Defence, as % of GDP0.82% (2016)
[25/32countries]
General government expenditures for Public order and safety, as % of GDP1.72% (2016)
[17/32countries]
General government expenditures for economic affairs, as % of GDP6.45% (2016)
[2/32countries]
General government expenditures for Environment protection, as % of GDP0.84% (2016)
[9/32countries]
General government expenditures for Housing and community amenities, as % of GDP0.34% (2016)
[25/32countries]
General government expenditures for Health, as % of GDP7.37% (2016)
[10/32countries]
General government expenditures for Recreation, culture and religion, as % of GDP1.24% (2016)
[13/32countries]
General government expenditures for Education, as % of GDP6.38% (2016)
[5/32countries]
General government expenditures for Social protection, as % of GDP19.93% (2016)
[9/32countries]
Tax
Belgium
Value Added Tax/ General Sales Tax - Rates21.0% (2015)
[13/33countries]
Corporate income tax rate (central + sub-central)29.58% (2018)
[7/36countries]
Ease of paying taxes (world rank)66 (2016)
[29/36countries]
Profit tax (% of proft)4.8% (2010)
[34/36countries]
Labor tax and contributions (% of proft)50.4% (2010)
[2/36countries]
Total tax rate (% of proft)57.0% (2010)
[3/36countries]
% of those who think that taxes are too high for those with high incomes27.6% (2016)
[5/25countries]
% of those who think that taxes are too low for those with high incomes54.5% (2016)
[10/25countries]
% of those who think that people with high incomes should pay a larger % of their income in taxes than those with low incomes68.8% (2009)
[22/28countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, never to try to evade taxes5.88 (2014)
[23/26countries]
% of those who think that the tax authorities always/ often make sure people pay their taxes87.1% (2016)
[3/25countries]
% of those who think that the tax authorities always/ often treat everyone in accordance with the law, regardless of their contacts or position in society56.6% (2016)
[8/25countries]
Social security
Belgium
Public social expenditure (% of GDP)29.3% (2013)
[3/34countries]
% of those who are proud of their country in its social security system86.1% (2013)
[3/26countries]
% of those who would like to see more government spending in old age pensions62.6% (2016)
[14/25countries]
% of those who agree that the government is responsible for providing a decent standard of living for the old95.5% (2016)
[14/25countries]
% of those who think that the government should primarily provide care for older people69.4% (2016)
[16/25countries]
% of those who think that private companies should primarily provide care for older people8.8% (2016)
[6/25countries]
% of those who think that family, relatives or friends should primarily provide care for older people12.7% (2016)
[12/25countries]
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages)82 (2009)
[21/34countries]
% of those who think that poverty is the most important issue for their country5.6% (2010)
[15/25countries]
% of those who think that the government should spend less on benefits for the poor8.5% (2009)
[20/28countries]
% of those who agree that the government is responsible for providing decent housing for those who can't afford it82.2% (2016)
[11/25countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, to help people in the country who are worse off than themselves5.13 (2014)
[22/26countries]
Law and Justice
Belgium
% of those who think that it is worse to convict an innocent person than to let a guilty person go free66.2% (2016)
[21/25countries]
% of those who follow conscience rather than law on occasions (2 choices)56.6% (2016)
[14/25countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, always to obey laws and regulations5.95 (2014)
[21/26countries]
% of respondents reporting high levels of trust in judicial system and courts41.2% (2010)
[24/34countries]
% of those who have confidence in the justice system (5 choices)61.9% (2008)
[22/30countries]