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Election and Democracy
Spain
Voter turnout in the national election69.8% (March 2019 or latest)
[15/36countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, always to vote in elections5.55 (2014)
[16/26countries]
% of those who think that the last national election was honest regarding the counting and reporting of the votes72.0% (2014)
[14/26countries]
% of those who think that the last national election was fair regarding the opportunities of the candidates and parties to campaign31.6% (2014)
[26/26countries]
% of those who think that referendums are a good way to decide important political questions73.6% (2014)
[6/26countries]
% of those who are proud of their country in the way democracy works28.0% (2013)
[21/26countries]
% of those who think that giving people more say is the most important aim of the country out of maintaining national order/ giving people more say/ fighting rising prices/ protecting freedom of speech25.7% (2010)
[11/25countries]
% of those who think that protecting freedom of speech is the most important aim of the country out of maintaining national order/ giving people more say/ fighting rising prices/ protecting freedom of speech10.9% (2010)
[11/25countries]
Extent to which people think democracy works well in their country today4.43 (2014)
[24/26countries]
Extent to which people think democracy worked well in their country 10 years ago5.58 (2014)
[15/26countries]
Extent to which people think democracy will work well in their country 10 years from now4.74 (2014)
[23/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that all citizens have an adequate standard of living6.80 (2014)
[1/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that government authorities respect and protect the rights of minorities6.66 (2014)
[1/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that people be given more opportunities to participate in public decision-making6.40 (2014)
[1/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that citizens may engage in acts of civil disobedience when they oppose government actions4.84 (2014)
[11/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that governments respect democratic rights whatever the circumstances6.73 (2014)
[1/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that people convicted of serious crimes lose their citizen rights4.91 (2014)
[16/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that long-term residents of a country, who are not citizens, have the right to vote in that countryfs national elections5.18 (2014)
[1/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that citizens have the right not to vote5.98 (2014)
[1/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that health care be provided for everyone6.54 (2014)
[14/26countries]
Politician
Spain
Number of total seats in the Parliament616 (2017)
[7/36countries]
Number of total seats in the Parliament per 1 million population13.26 (2017)
[26/36countries]
Number of seats in the House of Representatives350 (2017)
[10/36countries]
Number of seats in the House of Representatives per 1 million population7.54 (2017)
[28/36countries]
% of seats held by women in national parliaments39.1% (2017)
[6/36countries]
Women in ministerial positions (% of all ministers)38.5% (2017)
[8/35countries]
% of those who trust politicians16.7% (2014)
[19/26countries]
% of those who think that most politicians are in politics only for what they can get out of it personally67.3% (2010)
[9/25countries]
% of those who think that many politicians are involved in corruption87.5% (2016)
[1/25countries]
% of those who think that most politicians are in politics only for their own interest74.6% (2014)
[5/26countries]
Political party and organization
Spain
% of those who think that political parties encourage people to become active in politics30.5% (2014)
[12/26countries]
% of those who think that political parties do not give voters real policy choices75.7% (2014)
[1/26countries]
% of those who belong to a political party5.0% (2014)
[20/26countries]
% of those who think that people who vote for the party/the parties in government have the most influence on the actions of the government7.2% (2016)
[22/25countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, to be active in social or political associations4.46 (2014)
[4/26countries]
Parliament
Spain
% of those who have confidence in parliament57.7% (2008)
[13/30countries]
% of those who think that MPs try to keep the promises they have made during the election5.7% (2016)
[25/25countries]
% of those who think that the parliament considers your action if you take action against an unjust or harmful law10.3% (2014)
[23/26countries]
Political awareness
Spain
% of those interested in politics (5 choices)56.3% (2016)
[18/24countries]
% of those interested in politics (4 choices)39.3% (2014)
[20/26countries]
% of those who think that their political position is left18.1% (2014)
[2/26countries]
% of those who think that their political position is center56.2% (2014)
[8/26countries]
% of those who think that their political position is right6.4% (2014)
[26/26countries]
Average of political position4.49 (2014)
[26/26countries]
% of those who often or sometimes discuss political matters with friends, relatives or fellow workers52.9% (2014)
[12/26countries]
% of those who read the political content of a newspaper every day27.3% (2014)
[10/18countries]
% of those who never read the political content of a newspaper40.1% (2014)
[3/18countries]
% of those who use the media to obtain political news or information every day75.5% (2014)
[9/26countries]
% of those who never use the media to obtain political news or information5.6% (2014)
[8/26countries]
% of those who watch political news on television every day70.6% (2014)
[1/18countries]
% of those who never watch political news on television6.6% (2014)
[13/18countries]
% of those who listen to political news on the radio every day30.1% (2014)
[6/18countries]
% of those who never listen to political news on the radio44.6% (2014)
[5/18countries]
% of those who use the Internet to obtain political news or information every day22.6% (2014)
[9/17countries]
% of those who never use the Internet to obtain political news or information57.8% (2014)
[3/17countries]
% of those who have expressed political views on the internet12.5% (2014)
[13/26countries]
% of those who often or sometimes try to persuade your friends, relatives or fellow workers to share their political opinion28.5% (2014)
[17/26countries]
% of those who think that they understand political issues of the country39.1% (2016)
[18/25countries]
% of those who think that others are better informed about politics and government28.6% (2014)
[12/26countries]
% of those who think that ordinary citizens have no political voice63.0% (2016)
[8/25countries]
% of those who do not think that the government cares much what people like them think73.5% (2014)
[3/26countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, to keep watch on the actions of government5.47 (2014)
[13/26countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, to try to understand the reasoning of people with other opinions6.08 (2014)
[1/26countries]
Political action
Spain
% of those who would take action when the parliament considers an unjust or harmful law42.6% (2014)
[6/26countries]
% of those who have attempted to contact a politician or a civil servant to express their views16.9% (2014)
[16/26countries]
% of those who have donated money or raised funds for a social or political activity32.5% (2014)
[15/26countries]
% of those who have signed a petition53.5% (2014)
[16/26countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, to choose products for political, ethical or environmental reasons, even if they cost a bit more5.40 (2014)
[2/26countries]
% of those who have attended a political meeting28.5% (2014)
[10/26countries]
% of those who think that it should be allowed to organise public meetings to protest against the government89.8% (2016)
[10/25countries]
% of those who have attended demonstrations48.8% (2014)
[1/26countries]
% of those who think that it should be allowed to organise protest marches and demonstrations90.3% (2016)
[6/25countries]
% of those who think that people who want to overthrow the government by revolution should be allowed to hold public meetings49.0% (2016)
[20/25countries]
% of those who think that people who want to overthrow the government by force should be allowed to hold public meetings12.3% (2014)
[17/26countries]
% of those who think that people who want to overthrow the government by revolution should be allowed to publish books expressing their views61.8% (2016)
[17/25countries]
Government
Spain
% of respondents reporting high levels of trust in national government 30.3% (2010)
[28/34countries]
Public officials
Spain
% of central government employees aged 55 years or older35.4% (2015)
[3/31countries]
% of those who trust in civil servants15.4% (2016)
[22/25countries]
% of those who think that the public service is committed to serve the people47.1% (2014)
[20/25countries]
% of those who think that few public officials are involved in corruption27.3% (2014)
[15/26countries]
% of those who think that many public officials are involved in corruption49.7% (2016)
[7/25countries]
% of those who say that they or their family have never come across a public official who hinted/ wanted a bribe in the last five years88.7% (2016)
[8/25countries]
Public finance
Spain
General government expenditure, % of GDP43.8% (2015)
[16/35countries]
General government revenue, % of GDP38.6% (2015)
[23/35countries]
General government fiscal balance, % of GDP-5.1% (2015)
[35/36countries]
General government gross debt, % of GDP116.9% (2015)
[7/35countries]
General government financial net worth (% of GDP)-81.7% (2015)
[27/33countries]
% of those who are in favour of cuts in government spending46.9% (2016)
[21/25countries]
General government expenditures for Defence, as % of total budget2.31% (2016)
[21/32countries]
General government expenditures for Public order and safety, as % of total budget4.49% (2016)
[10/32countries]
General government expenditures for economic affairs, as % of total budget9.34% (2016)
[19/32countries]
General government expenditures for Environment protection, as % of total budget1.94% (2016)
[7/32countries]
General government expenditures for Housing and community amenities, as % of total budget1.14% (2016)
[19/32countries]
General government expenditures for Health, as % of total budget14.32% (2016)
[18/32countries]
General government expenditures for Recreation, culture and religion, as % of total budget2.62% (2016)
[13/32countries]
General government expenditures for Education, as % of total budget9.52% (2016)
[28/32countries]
General government expenditures for Social protection, as % of total budget39.89% (2016)
[14/32countries]
General government expenditures for Defence, as % of GDP0.97% (2016)
[21/32countries]
General government expenditures for Public order and safety, as % of GDP1.90% (2016)
[8/32countries]
General government expenditures for economic affairs, as % of GDP3.94% (2016)
[18/32countries]
General government expenditures for Environment protection, as % of GDP0.82% (2016)
[10/32countries]
General government expenditures for Housing and community amenities, as % of GDP0.48% (2016)
[19/32countries]
General government expenditures for Health, as % of GDP6.04% (2016)
[19/32countries]
General government expenditures for Recreation, culture and religion, as % of GDP1.11% (2016)
[16/32countries]
General government expenditures for Education, as % of GDP4.01% (2016)
[28/32countries]
General government expenditures for Social protection, as % of GDP16.83% (2016)
[14/32countries]
Tax
Spain
Value Added Tax/ General Sales Tax - Rates21.0% (2015)
[13/33countries]
Corporate income tax rate (central + sub-central)25.00% (2018)
[15/36countries]
Ease of paying taxes (world rank)37 (2016)
[20/36countries]
Profit tax (% of proft)20.9% (2010)
[12/36countries]
Labor tax and contributions (% of proft)34.9% (2010)
[9/36countries]
Total tax rate (% of proft)56.5% (2010)
[4/36countries]
% of those who think that taxes are too high for those with high incomes9.6% (2016)
[24/25countries]
% of those who think that taxes are too low for those with high incomes69.6% (2016)
[3/25countries]
% of those who think that people with high incomes should pay a larger % of their income in taxes than those with low incomes86.5% (2009)
[3/28countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, never to try to evade taxes6.45 (2014)
[4/26countries]
% of those who think that the tax authorities always/ often make sure people pay their taxes64.0% (2016)
[20/25countries]
% of those who think that the tax authorities always/ often treat everyone in accordance with the law, regardless of their contacts or position in society19.9% (2016)
[25/25countries]
Social security
Spain
Public social expenditure (% of GDP)26.3% (2013)
[8/34countries]
% of those who are proud of their country in its social security system64.0% (2013)
[9/26countries]
% of those who would like to see more government spending in old age pensions78.7% (2016)
[7/25countries]
% of those who agree that the government is responsible for providing a decent standard of living for the old99.3% (2016)
[1/25countries]
% of those who think that the government should primarily provide care for older people80.1% (2016)
[9/25countries]
% of those who think that private companies should primarily provide care for older people4.6% (2016)
[17/25countries]
% of those who think that family, relatives or friends should primarily provide care for older people14.4% (2016)
[8/25countries]
% of those who think "government agencies should primarily provide help in everyday life for elderly people46.7% (2012)
[9/27countries]
% of those who think that the government/public funds should primarily cover the costs of the help to elderly people72.7% (2012)
[5/27countries]
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages)100 (2009)
[1/34countries]
% of those who think that 1-6 months of paid parental leave is necessary 34.6% (2012)
[11/27countries]
% of those who think that 7-12 months of paid parental leave is necessary 36.9% (2012)
[10/27countries]
% of those who think that 13-36 months of paid parental leave is necessary 13.5% (2012)
[14/27countries]
% of those who think that the government should pay for parental leave41.8% (2012)
[14/27countries]
% of those who think that the employer should pay for parental leave11.8% (2012)
[8/27countries]
% of those who think that both the government and the employer should pay for parental leave45.8% (2012)
[15/27countries]
% of those who think the employers should primarily cover the costs of childcare for children under school age4.5% (2012)
[5/27countries]
% of those who think the family itself should primarily cover the costs of childcare for children under school age45.1% (2012)
[16/27countries]
% of those who think the government/public funds should primarily cover the costs of childcare for children under school age50.4% (2012)
[11/27countries]
% of those who think government agencies should primarily provide childcare for children under school age30.0% (2012)
[11/27countries]
% of those who think that poverty is the most important issue for their country5.7% (2010)
[14/25countries]
% of those who think that the government should spend less on benefits for the poor15.8% (2009)
[11/28countries]
% of those who agree that the government is responsible for providing decent housing for those who can't afford it95.3% (2016)
[1/25countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, to help people in the country who are worse off than themselves6.28 (2014)
[2/26countries]
Law and Justice
Spain
% of those who think that it is worse to convict an innocent person than to let a guilty person go free72.2% (2016)
[17/25countries]
% of those who follow conscience rather than law on occasions (2 choices)33.0% (2016)
[25/25countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, always to obey laws and regulations6.21 (2014)
[11/26countries]
% of respondents reporting high levels of trust in judicial system and courts40.4% (2010)
[25/34countries]
% of those who have confidence in the justice system (5 choices)54.1% (2008)
[27/30countries]