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Election and Democracy
SwedenJapan
Voter turnout in the national election87.2% (June 2019 or latest)
[4/36countries]
>52.7% (June 2019 or latest)
[30/36countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, always to vote in elections6.25 (2014)
[4/26countries]
>5.53 (2014)
[18/26countries]
% of those who think that the last national election was honest regarding the counting and reporting of the votes92.8% (2014)
[2/26countries]
>66.4% (2014)
[18/26countries]
% of those who think that the last national election was fair regarding the opportunities of the candidates and parties to campaign71.9% (2014)
[3/26countries]
>46.3% (2014)
[19/26countries]
% of those who think that referendums are a good way to decide important political questions66.9% (2014)
[12/26countries]
>61.2% (2014)
[17/26countries]
% of those who are proud of their country in the way democracy works80.9% (2013)
[4/26countries]
>71.5% (2013)
[8/26countries]
% of those who think that giving people more say is the most important aim of the country out of maintaining national order/ giving people more say/ fighting rising prices/ protecting freedom of speech22.3% (2010)
[16/25countries]
<43.9% (2010)
[2/25countries]
% of those who think that protecting freedom of speech is the most important aim of the country out of maintaining national order/ giving people more say/ fighting rising prices/ protecting freedom of speech15.1% (2010)
[6/25countries]
>3.6% (2010)
[24/25countries]
Extent to which people think democracy works well in their country today7.10 (2014)
[4/26countries]
>5.24 (2014)
[16/26countries]
Extent to which people think democracy worked well in their country 10 years ago7.43 (2014)
[4/26countries]
>5.33 (2014)
[18/26countries]
Extent to which people think democracy will work well in their country 10 years from now6.78 (2014)
[4/26countries]
>4.82 (2014)
[21/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that all citizens have an adequate standard of living6.52 (2014)
[9/26countries]
>5.97 (2014)
[24/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that government authorities respect and protect the rights of minorities6.32 (2014)
[5/26countries]
>4.59 (2014)
[26/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that people be given more opportunities to participate in public decision-making5.81 (2014)
[16/26countries]
>5.34 (2014)
[25/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that citizens may engage in acts of civil disobedience when they oppose government actions4.77 (2014)
[12/26countries]
>4.43 (2014)
[17/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that governments respect democratic rights whatever the circumstances6.63 (2014)
[2/26countries]
>5.66 (2014)
[24/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that people convicted of serious crimes lose their citizen rights3.93 (2014)
[26/26countries]
<4.94 (2014)
[15/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that long-term residents of a country, who are not citizens, have the right to vote in that countryfs national elections3.32 (2014)
[22/26countries]
<4.59 (2014)
[6/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that citizens have the right not to vote5.61 (2014)
[4/26countries]
>3.61 (2014)
[26/26countries]
Extent to which people think it important that health care be provided for everyone6.79 (2014)
[3/26countries]
>6.43 (2014)
[18/26countries]
Politician
SwedenJapan
Number of total seats in the Parliament349 (2017)
[12/36countries]
<707 (2017)
[4/36countries]
Number of total seats in the Parliament per 1 million population35.24 (2017)
[9/36countries]
>5.57 (2017)
[34/36countries]
Number of seats in the House of Representatives349 (2017)
[11/36countries]
<465 (2017)
[7/36countries]
Number of seats in the House of Representatives per 1 million population35.24 (2017)
[8/36countries]
>3.66 (2017)
[35/36countries]
% of seats held by women in national parliaments43.6% (2017)
[2/36countries]
>10.1% (2017)
[35/36countries]
Women in ministerial positions (% of all ministers)52.2% (2017)
[2/35countries]
>15.8% (2017)
[30/35countries]
% of those who trust politicians47.4% (2014)
[2/26countries]
>9.3% (2014)
[25/26countries]
% of those who think that most politicians are in politics only for what they can get out of it personally32.4% (2010)
[24/25countries]
<62.0% (2010)
[13/25countries]
% of those who think that many politicians are involved in corruption14.8% (2016)
[21/25countries]
<36.2% (2016)
[14/25countries]
% of those who think that most politicians are in politics only for their own interest24.2% (2014)
[25/26countries]
<52.9% (2014)
[11/26countries]
Political party and organization
SwedenJapan
% of those who think that political parties encourage people to become active in politics30.7% (2014)
[11/26countries]
>18.4% (2014)
[24/26countries]
% of those who think that political parties do not give voters real policy choices33.2% (2014)
[24/26countries]
<53.4% (2014)
[7/26countries]
% of those who belong to a political party8.8% (2014)
[8/26countries]
>5.4% (2014)
[17/26countries]
% of those who think that people who vote for the party/the parties in government have the most influence on the actions of the government29.5% (2016)
[2/25countries]
>18.3% (2016)
[4/25countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, to be active in social or political associations3.74 (2014)
[21/26countries]
<3.82 (2014)
[18/26countries]
Parliament
SwedenJapan
% of those who have confidence in parliament63.9% (2008)
[6/30countries]
>26.7% (2008)
[28/30countries]
% of those who think that MPs try to keep the promises they have made during the election26.4% (2016)
[8/25countries]
>10.2% (2016)
[22/25countries]
% of those who think that the parliament considers your action if you take action against an unjust or harmful law24.5% (2014)
[3/26countries]
>6.2% (2014)
[25/26countries]
Political awareness
SwedenJapan
% of those interested in politics (5 choices)77.0% (2016)
[5/24countries]
>68.0% (2016)
[15/24countries]
% of those interested in politics (4 choices)57.6% (2014)
[9/26countries]
<63.3% (2014)
[4/26countries]
% of those who think that their political position is left23.6% (2014)
[1/26countries]
>4.1% (2014)
[26/26countries]
% of those who think that their political position is center31.1% (2014)
[26/26countries]
<63.2% (2014)
[2/26countries]
% of those who think that their political position is right19.8% (2014)
[11/26countries]
>14.5% (2014)
[19/26countries]
Average of political position4.80 (2014)
[24/26countries]
<5.51 (2014)
[5/26countries]
% of those who often or sometimes discuss political matters with friends, relatives or fellow workers56.0% (2014)
[10/26countries]
>44.8% (2014)
[17/26countries]
% of those who use the media to obtain political news or information every day70.0% (2014)
[15/26countries]
>62.0% (2014)
[22/26countries]
% of those who never use the media to obtain political news or information3.3% (2014)
[17/26countries]
<4.5% (2014)
[11/26countries]
% of those who have expressed political views on the internet16.2% (2014)
[7/26countries]
>1.9% (2014)
[26/26countries]
% of those who often or sometimes try to persuade your friends, relatives or fellow workers to share their political opinion40.1% (2014)
[7/26countries]
>14.4% (2014)
[26/26countries]
% of those who think that they understand political issues of the country56.4% (2016)
[10/25countries]
>17.8% (2016)
[25/25countries]
% of those who think that others are better informed about politics and government13.9% (2014)
[23/26countries]
<24.0% (2014)
[17/26countries]
% of those who think that ordinary citizens have no political voice49.1% (2016)
[17/25countries]
>16.0% (2016)
[25/25countries]
% of those who do not think that the government cares much what people like them think34.0% (2014)
[25/26countries]
<65.9% (2014)
[7/26countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, to keep watch on the actions of government5.93 (2014)
[3/26countries]
>5.53 (2014)
[11/26countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, to try to understand the reasoning of people with other opinions5.74 (2014)
[10/26countries]
>5.28 (2014)
[22/26countries]
Political action
SwedenJapan
% of those who would take action when the parliament considers an unjust or harmful law38.6% (2014)
[8/26countries]
>20.8% (2014)
[23/26countries]
% of those who have attempted to contact a politician or a civil servant to express their views23.5% (2014)
[9/26countries]
>4.6% (2014)
[25/26countries]
% of those who have donated money or raised funds for a social or political activity50.1% (2014)
[6/26countries]
>25.5% (2014)
[19/26countries]
% of those who have signed a petition73.8% (2014)
[3/26countries]
>42.6% (2014)
[18/26countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, to choose products for political, ethical or environmental reasons, even if they cost a bit more5.03 (2014)
[4/26countries]
>4.33 (2014)
[19/26countries]
% of those who have attended a political meeting29.8% (2014)
[8/26countries]
>10.7% (2014)
[23/26countries]
% of those who think that it should be allowed to organise public meetings to protest against the government97.0% (2016)
[1/25countries]
>87.4% (2016)
[13/25countries]
% of those who have attended demonstrations28.6% (2014)
[7/26countries]
>7.1% (2014)
[24/26countries]
% of those who think that it should be allowed to organise protest marches and demonstrations95.1% (2016)
[1/25countries]
>78.4% (2016)
[16/25countries]
% of those who think that people who want to overthrow the government by revolution should be allowed to hold public meetings70.1% (2016)
[3/25countries]
>67.5% (2016)
[5/25countries]
% of those who think that people who want to overthrow the government by force should be allowed to hold public meetings21.3% (2014)
[10/26countries]
>4.7% (2014)
[25/26countries]
% of those who think that people who want to overthrow the government by revolution should be allowed to publish books expressing their views82.1% (2016)
[2/25countries]
>77.2% (2016)
[4/25countries]
Government
SwedenJapan
% of respondents reporting high levels of trust in national government 60.3% (2010)
[5/34countries]
>27.0% (2010)
[29/34countries]
Public officials
SwedenJapan
% of central government employees aged 55 years or older24.0% (2015)
[13/31countries]
>16.3% (2015)
[29/31countries]
% of those who trust in civil servants25.8% (2016)
[11/25countries]
>17.3% (2016)
[19/25countries]
% of those who think that the public service is committed to serve the people71.6% (2014)
[8/25countries]
>24.6% (2014)
[25/25countries]
% of those who think that few public officials are involved in corruption51.9% (2014)
[8/26countries]
>35.3% (2014)
[12/26countries]
% of those who think that many public officials are involved in corruption15.9% (2016)
[21/25countries]
<18.9% (2016)
[17/25countries]
% of those who say that they or their family have never come across a public official who hinted/ wanted a bribe in the last five years88.7% (2016)
[8/25countries]
>87.1% (2016)
[12/25countries]
Public finance
SwedenJapan
General government expenditure, % of GDP50.2% (2015)
[8/35countries]
>39.4% (2015)
[26/35countries]
General government revenue, % of GDP50.5% (2015)
[7/35countries]
>35.9% (2015)
[26/35countries]
General government fiscal balance, % of GDP0.3% (2015)
[7/36countries]
>-3.5% (2015)
[30/36countries]
General government gross debt, % of GDP53.3% (2015)
[25/35countries]
<221.8% (2015)
[1/35countries]
General government financial net worth (% of GDP)27.6% (2015)
[5/33countries]
>-126.1% (2015)
[31/33countries]
% of those who are in favour of cuts in government spending41.4% (2016)
[24/25countries]
<74.1% (2016)
[7/25countries]
General government expenditures for Defence, as % of total budget2.39% (2016)
[16/32countries]
>2.26% (2016)
[22/32countries]
General government expenditures for Public order and safety, as % of total budget2.62% (2016)
[28/32countries]
<3.17% (2016)
[24/32countries]
General government expenditures for economic affairs, as % of total budget8.39% (2016)
[24/32countries]
<9.36% (2016)
[18/32countries]
General government expenditures for Environment protection, as % of total budget0.62% (2016)
[30/32countries]
<3.01% (2016)
[3/32countries]
General government expenditures for Housing and community amenities, as % of total budget1.43% (2016)
[13/32countries]
<1.74% (2016)
[6/32countries]
General government expenditures for Health, as % of total budget13.91% (2016)
[20/32countries]
<19.36% (2016)
[3/32countries]
General government expenditures for Recreation, culture and religion, as % of total budget2.21% (2016)
[22/32countries]
>0.96% (2016)
[31/32countries]
General government expenditures for Education, as % of total budget13.41% (2016)
[11/32countries]
>8.58% (2016)
[31/32countries]
General government expenditures for Social protection, as % of total budget41.68% (2016)
[8/32countries]
>41.37% (2016)
[10/32countries]
General government expenditures for Defence, as % of GDP1.19% (2016)
[15/32countries]
>0.88% (2016)
[24/32countries]
General government expenditures for Public order and safety, as % of GDP1.30% (2016)
[25/32countries]
>1.24% (2016)
[27/32countries]
General government expenditures for economic affairs, as % of GDP4.17% (2016)
[14/32countries]
>3.66% (2016)
[22/32countries]
General government expenditures for Environment protection, as % of GDP0.31% (2016)
[29/32countries]
<1.18% (2016)
[3/32countries]
General government expenditures for Housing and community amenities, as % of GDP0.71% (2016)
[7/32countries]
>0.68% (2016)
[9/32countries]
General government expenditures for Health, as % of GDP6.91% (2016)
[17/32countries]
<7.56% (2016)
[7/32countries]
General government expenditures for Recreation, culture and religion, as % of GDP1.10% (2016)
[17/32countries]
>0.38% (2016)
[30/32countries]
General government expenditures for Education, as % of GDP6.66% (2016)
[4/32countries]
>3.35% (2016)
[31/32countries]
General government expenditures for Social protection, as % of GDP20.69% (2016)
[6/32countries]
>16.15% (2016)
[16/32countries]
Tax
SwedenJapan
Value Added Tax/ General Sales Tax - Rates25.0% (2015)
[2/33countries]
>8.0% (2015)
[31/33countries]
Corporate income tax rate (central + sub-central)22.00% (2018)
[21/36countries]
<29.74% (2018)
[6/36countries]
Ease of paying taxes (world rank)28 (2016)
[17/36countries]
>70 (2016)
[30/36countries]
Profit tax (% of proft)16.4% (2010)
[18/36countries]
<27.9% (2010)
[2/36countries]
Labor tax and contributions (% of proft)36.6% (2010)
[7/36countries]
>14.7% (2010)
[27/36countries]
Total tax rate (% of proft)54.6% (2010)
[6/36countries]
>48.6% (2010)
[12/36countries]
% of those who think that taxes are too high for those with high incomes17.1% (2016)
[15/25countries]
<17.9% (2016)
[13/25countries]
% of those who think that taxes are too low for those with high incomes50.2% (2016)
[16/25countries]
<57.5% (2016)
[7/25countries]
% of those who think that people with high incomes should pay a larger % of their income in taxes than those with low incomes72.3% (2009)
[17/28countries]
<88.0% (2009)
[2/28countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, never to try to evade taxes6.13 (2014)
[13/26countries]
<6.42 (2014)
[5/26countries]
% of those who think that the tax authorities always/ often make sure people pay their taxes82.0% (2016)
[6/25countries]
>67.5% (2016)
[19/25countries]
% of those who think that the tax authorities always/ often treat everyone in accordance with the law, regardless of their contacts or position in society64.5% (2016)
[5/25countries]
>54.7% (2016)
[9/25countries]
Social security
SwedenJapan
Public social expenditure (% of GDP)27.4% (2013)
[7/34countries]
>23.1% (2013)
[14/34countries]
% of those who are proud of their country in its social security system72.2% (2013)
[8/26countries]
>56.2% (2013)
[12/26countries]
% of those who would like to see more government spending in old age pensions71.3% (2016)
[11/25countries]
>46.1% (2016)
[22/25countries]
% of those who agree that the government is responsible for providing a decent standard of living for the old97.3% (2016)
[7/25countries]
>76.3% (2016)
[25/25countries]
% of those who think that the government is successful in the provision of decent life for the old25.7% (2016)
[9/15countries]
>25.3% (2016)
[10/15countries]
% of those who think that the government should primarily provide care for older people87.7% (2016)
[2/25countries]
>48.3% (2016)
[25/25countries]
% of those who think that private companies should primarily provide care for older people9.6% (2016)
[5/25countries]
<23.8% (2016)
[1/25countries]
% of those who think that family, relatives or friends should primarily provide care for older people0.5% (2016)
[25/25countries]
<21.2% (2016)
[5/25countries]
% of those who think "government agencies should primarily provide help in everyday life for elderly people84.1% (2012)
[1/27countries]
>20.5% (2012)
[24/27countries]
% of those who think that the government/public funds should primarily cover the costs of the help to elderly people86.8% (2012)
[2/27countries]
>53.1% (2012)
[20/27countries]
Maternal leave benefits (% of wages)80 (2009)
[22/34countries]
>67 (2009)
[30/34countries]
% of those who think that 1-6 months of paid parental leave is necessary 5.3% (2012)
[23/27countries]
<39.3% (2012)
[9/27countries]
% of those who think that 7-12 months of paid parental leave is necessary 35.9% (2012)
[11/27countries]
>31.8% (2012)
[14/27countries]
% of those who think that 13-36 months of paid parental leave is necessary 51.9% (2012)
[6/27countries]
>16.8% (2012)
[13/27countries]
% of those who think that the government should pay for parental leave70.6% (2012)
[1/27countries]
>26.1% (2012)
[21/27countries]
% of those who think that the employer should pay for parental leave1.6% (2012)
[26/27countries]
<12.4% (2012)
[6/27countries]
% of those who think that both the government and the employer should pay for parental leave27.7% (2012)
[26/27countries]
<59.5% (2012)
[7/27countries]
% of those who think the employers should primarily cover the costs of childcare for children under school age0.6% (2012)
[26/27countries]
<1.1% (2012)
[22/27countries]
% of those who think the family itself should primarily cover the costs of childcare for children under school age25.4% (2012)
[27/27countries]
<60.3% (2012)
[9/27countries]
% of those who think the government/public funds should primarily cover the costs of childcare for children under school age74.0% (2012)
[1/27countries]
>38.6% (2012)
[17/27countries]
% of those who think government agencies should primarily provide childcare for children under school age82.5% (2012)
[1/27countries]
>11.1% (2012)
[25/27countries]
% of those who think that poverty is the most important issue for their country3.1% (2010)
[22/25countries]
<4.8% (2010)
[19/25countries]
% of those who think that the government should spend less on benefits for the poor10.0% (2009)
[16/28countries]
>7.4% (2009)
[23/28countries]
% of those who agree that the government is responsible for providing decent housing for those who can't afford it75.6% (2016)
[17/25countries]
>37.6% (2016)
[25/25countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, to help people in the country who are worse off than themselves5.34 (2014)
[17/26countries]
>5.03 (2014)
[24/26countries]
Law and Justice
SwedenJapan
% of those who think that it is worse to convict an innocent person than to let a guilty person go free76.0% (2016)
[11/25countries]
>73.9% (2016)
[13/25countries]
% of those who follow conscience rather than law on occasions (2 choices)63.4% (2016)
[5/25countries]
<65.6% (2016)
[4/25countries]
Extent to which people think that it is important, in order to be a good citizen, always to obey laws and regulations6.06 (2014)
[18/26countries]
<6.36 (2014)
[6/26countries]
% of respondents reporting high levels of trust in judicial system and courts67.4% (2010)
[5/34countries]
>62.6% (2010)
[9/34countries]
% of those who have confidence in the justice system (5 choices)78.9% (2008)
[7/30countries]
>73.0% (2008)
[13/30countries]