[Education in general] General government expenditures for Education, as % of GDP [Education in general] % of those who think that education is the most important issue for their country [Education in general] % of those who would like to see more government spending in education [Education in general] % of those who think that the government should primarily provide school education for children [Education in general] % of those who think that private companies should primarily provide school education for children [Education in general] % of those who think it is right that the rich can buy better education for their children [Education in general] % of those who think it is fair that the rich can afford better education for their children [Education in general] % of those who think it is wrong that the rich can buy better education for their children [Education in general] % of those who think it is unfair that the rich can afford better education for their children [Education in general] % of those who think that men have more opportunities of getting a good education [Education in general] % of those who think that women have more opportunities of getting a good education [Education in general] % of those who think that men and women have about the same opportunities of getting a good education [Education in general] % of those who have confidence in the educational system (5 choices) [Education in general] % of those who are optimistic about the future of their country's education system [Education in general] % of those who speak only one language well enough to hold a conversation in [Education in general] Literacy proficiency among 16-65 years-olds: Average score (0-500) [Education in general] Numeracy proficiency among 16-65 years-olds: Average score (0-500) [Education in general] Proficiency of problem solving in technology-rich environments proficiency among 16-65 years-olds: Average score (0-500) [Education in general] % of those who like learning new things [Education in general] % of those who try to relate new ideas to real life [Education in general] % of those who try to relate new things to existing knowledge [Education in general] % of those who like to solve difficult problems [Education in general] % of those who like to fit different ideas together [Education in general] % of those who look for additional information to understand things [Education in general] Time in school or classes (men and women, minutes per day per person) [Education in general] Time in school or classes (men, minutes per day per person) [Education in general] Time in school or classes (women, minutes per day per person) [Pre-primary education] Pre-school enrolment rates, children aged 0 to 2 year old [Pre-primary education at home] % of the parents who often read books to their child before they began primary school [Pre-primary education at home] % of the parents who often told stories to their child before they began primary school [Pre-primary education at home] % of the parents who often sang songs to their child before they began primary school [Pre-primary education at home] % of the parents who often played with alphabet toys with their child before they began primary school [Pre-primary education at home] % of the parents who often talked about things to their child before they began primary school [Pre-primary education at home] % of the parents who often talked about what they had read to their child before they began primary school [Pre-primary education at home] % of the parents who often played word games with their child before they began primary school [Pre-primary education at home] % of the parents who often wrote letters or words to their child before they began primary school [Pre-primary education at home] % of the parents who often read aloud signs and labels to their child before they began primary school [Pre-primary education at home] % of the parents who often sang counting songs to their child before they began primary school [Pre-primary education at home] % of the parents who often played with number toys with their child before they began primary school [Pre-primary education at home] % of the parents who often counted different things to their child before they began primary school [Pre-primary education at home] % of the parents who often played games involving shapes with their child before they began primary school [Pre-primary education at home] % of the parents who often played with building blocks or construction toys with their child before they began primary school [Pre-primary education at home] % of the parents who often played board or card games with their child before they began primary school [Pre-primary education at home] % of the parents who often wrote numbers to their child before they began primary school [Pre-primary education at home] % of the parents who often drew shapes to their child before they began primary school [Pre-primary education at home] % of the parents who often measured or weighed things with their child before they began primary school [Pre-primary education on letters] % of the children who could recognize most of the letters of the alphabet very well when they began primary school [Pre-primary education on letters] % of the children who could read some words very well when they began primary school [Pre-primary education on letters] % of the children who could read sentences very well when they began primary school [Pre-primary education on letters] % of the children who could read a story very well when they began primary school [Pre-primary education on letters] % of the children who could write letters of the alphabet very well when they began primary school [Pre-primary education on letters] % of the children who could write his/her name very well when they began primary school [Pre-primary education on letters] % of the children who could write words other than his/her name very well when they began primary school [Pre-primary education on numbers] % of the children who could count by himself/ herself up to 100 or higher when they began primary school [Pre-primary education on numbers] % of the children who could recognize written numbers up to 100 or higher when they began primary school [Pre-primary education on numbers] % of the children who could write numbers up to 100 or higher when they began primary school [Pre-primary education on numbers] % of the children who could do simple addition up to 100 or higher when they began primary school [Pre-primary education on numbers] % of the children who could do simple subtraction up to 100 or higher when they began primary school [Primary school] Average class size in primary education (public and private) [Primary school] Average class size in primary education (public) [Primary school] Average class size in primary education (private) [Primary school] Ratio of students to teaching staff in primary schools (public and private) [Primary school] Ratio of students to teaching staff in primary schools (public) [Primary school] Ratio of students to teaching staff in primary schools (private) [Primary school] Teachers' statutory annual teaching time in primary education [Primary school students - home] % of Grade 4 students who have their own room [Primary school students - home] % of Grade 4 students who have internet connection at home [Primary school students - home] % of Grade 4 students who have their own mobile phone [Primary school students - school life] % of Grade 4 students who are absent from school once a week [Primary school students - school life] % of Grade 4 students who feel tired when they arrive at school everyday/ almost everyday [Primary school students - school life] % of Grade 4 students who feel hungry when they arrive at school everyday/ almost everyday [Primary school students - school life] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that they like being in school [Primary school students - school life] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that they feel safe at school [Primary school students - school life] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that they feel like they belong at the school [Primary school students - school life] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that teachers at their school are fair to them [Primary school students - school life] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that they are proud to go to their school [Primary school students - school life] % of Grade 4 students who say that other students made fun of them or called them names [Primary school students - school life] % of Grade 4 students who say that other students left them out of games or activities [Primary school students - school life] % of Grade 4 students who say that other students spread lies about them [Primary school students - school life] % of Grade 4 students who say that other students stole something from them [Primary school students - school life] % of Grade 4 students who say that other students damaged something of theirs on purpose [Primary school students - school life] % of Grade 4 students who say that other students hit or hurt them [Primary school students - school life] % of Grade 4 students who say that other students made them do things they didn't want to do [Primary school students - school life] % of Grade 4 students who say that other students sent them nasty or hurtful messages online [Primary school students - school life] % of Grade 4 students who say that other students shared nasty or hurtful things about them online [Primary school students - school life] % of Grade 4 students who say that other students shared embarrassing photos of them online [Primary school students - school life] % of Grade 4 students who say that other students threatened them [Primary school students - mathematics] Average score of mathematics achievement of 4th grade [Primary school students - mathematics] % of Grade 4 students who work problems on their own in every or almost every lesson [Primary school students - mathematics] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that they enjoy learning mathematics [Primary school students - mathematics] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that they wish they did not have to study mathematics [Primary school students - mathematics] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that mathematics is boring [Primary school students - mathematics] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that they learn many interesting things in mathematics [Primary school students - mathematics] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that they like mathematics very much [Primary school students - mathematics] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that they like any schoolwork that involves numbers [Primary school students - mathematics] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that they like to solve mathematics problems [Primary school students - mathematics] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that they look forward to mathematics lessons [Primary school students - mathematics] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that mathematics is one of their favorite subjects [Primary school students - mathematics] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that they know what their teacher expects them to do in mathematics lessons [Primary school students - mathematics] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that their teacher is easy to understand in mathematics lessons [Primary school students - mathematics] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that their teacher has clear answers to their questions in mathematics lessons [Primary school students - mathematics] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that their teacher is good at explaining mathematics [Primary school students - mathematics] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that their teacher does a variety of things to help them learn in mathematics lessons [Primary school students - mathematics] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that their teacher explains a topic again when they don't understand in mathematics lessons [Primary school students - mathematics] % of Grade 4 students who say that students donft listen to what the teacher says in every or almost every mathematics lesson [Primary school students - mathematics] % of Grade 4 students who say that there is disruptive noise in every or almost every mathematics lesson [Primary school students - mathematics] % of Grade 4 students who say that it is too disorderly for students to work well in every or almost every mathematics lesson [Primary school students - mathematics] % of Grade 4 students who say that their teacher has to wait a long time for students to quiet down in every or almost everymathematics lesson [Primary school students - mathematics] % of Grade 4 students who say that students interrupt the teacher in every or almost every mathematics lesson [Primary school students - mathematics] % of Grade 4 students who say that their teacher has to keep telling them to follow the classroom rules in every or almost every mathematics lesson [Primary school students - mathematics] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that they usually do well in mathematics [Primary school students - mathematics] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that mathematics is harder for them than for many of their classmates [Primary school students - mathematics] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that they are just not good at mathematics [Primary school students - mathematics] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that they learn things quickly in mathematics [Primary school students - mathematics] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that mathematics makes them nervous [Primary school students - mathematics] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that they are good at working out difficult mathematics problems [Primary school students - mathematics] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that their teacher tells them they are good at mathematics [Primary school students - mathematics] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that mathematics is harder for them than any other subject [Primary school students - mathematics] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that mathematics makes them confused [Primary school students - science] Average score of science achievement of 4th grade [Primary school students - science] % of Grade 4 students who conduct science experiments at least once a week [Primary school students - science] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that they enjoy learning science [Primary school students - science] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that they wish they did not have to study science [Primary school students - science] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that science is boring [Primary school students - science] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that they learn many interesting things in science [Primary school students - science] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that they like science very much [Primary school students - science] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that science teaches them how things in the world work [Primary school students - science] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that they look forward to learning science [Primary school students - science] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that science teaches them how things in the world work [Primary school students - science] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that science is one of their favorite subjects [Primary school students - science] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that they know what their teacher expects them to do in science lessons [Primary school students - science] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that their teacher is easy to understand in science lessons [Primary school students - science] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that their teacher has clear answers to their questions in science lessons [Primary school students - science] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that their teacher is good at explaining science [Primary school students - science] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that their teacher does a variety of things to help them learn in science lessons [Primary school students - science] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that their teacher explains a topic again when they don't understand in science lessons [Primary school students - science] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that they usually do well in science [Primary school students - science] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that science is harder for them than for many of their classmates [Primary school students - science] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that they are just not good at science [Primary school students - science] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that they learn things quickly in science [Primary school students - science] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that their teacher tells them they are good at science [Primary school students - science] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that science is harder for them than any other subject [Primary school students - science] % of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that science makes them confused [Primary school students - instruction out of school] % of Grade 4 students who attended extra lessons or tutoring not provided by the school in mathematics during the last 12 months [Primary school students - instruction out of school] % of Grade 4 students who attended extra lessons or tutoring not provided by the school in science during the last 12 months [Primary school - evaluation of parents] % of the parents of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that their childfs school does a good job including them in their childfs education [Primary school - evaluation of parents] % of the parents of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that their child's school provides a safe environment [Primary school - evaluation of parents] % of the parents of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that their childfs school cares about their child's progress in school [Primary school - evaluation of parents] % of the parents of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that their child's school does a good job informing them of his/her progress [Primary school - evaluation of parents] % of the parents of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that their child's school promotes high academic standards [Primary school - evaluation of parents] % of the parents of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that their child's school does a good job in helping him/her become better in reading [Primary school - evaluation of parents] % of the parents of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that their child's school does a good job in helping him/her become better in mathematics [Primary school - evaluation of parents] % of the parents of Grade 4 students who agree a lot that their child's school does a good job in helping him/her become better in science [Primary school - future educational plan] % of the parents of Grade 4 students who expect their child to finish undergraduate or postgraduate degree [Primary school - future educational plan] % of the parents of Grade 4 students who expect their child to finish postgraduate degree [Lower secondary school] Average class size in lower secondary education (public and private) [Lower secondary school] Average class size in lower secondary education (public) [Lower secondary school] Average class size in lower secondary education (private) [Lower secondary school] Ratio of students to teaching staff in lower secondary education (public and private) [Lower secondary school] Ratio of students to teaching staff in lower secondary education (public) [Lower secondary school] Ratio of students to teaching staff in lower secondary education (private) [Lower secondary school] Teachers' statutory annual teaching time in lower secondary education [Lower secondary school students - home] % of Grade 8 students who have their own room [Lower secondary school students - home] % of Grade 8 students who have internet connection at home [Lower secondary school students - home] % of Grade 8 students who have their own mobile phone [Lower secondary school students - Internet use] % of Grade 8 students who use Internet to access the textbook or other course materials [Lower secondary school students - Internet use] % of Grade 8 students who use Internet to access assignments posted online by their teacher [Lower secondary school students - Internet use] % of Grade 8 students who use Internet to collaborate with classmates on assignments or projects [Lower secondary school students - Internet use] % of Grade 8 students who use Internet to communicate with the teacher [Lower secondary school students - Internet use] % of Grade 8 students who use Internet to find information, articles, or tutorials to aid in understanding mathematics or science [Lower secondary school students - Internet use] % of Grade 8 students who use Internet to access learning games or activities related to mathematics or science [Lower secondary school students - School life] % of Grade 8 students who are absent from school once a week [Lower secondary school students - School life] % of Grade 8 students who feel tired when they arrive at school everyday/ almost everyday [Lower secondary school students - School life] % of Grade 8 students who feel hungry when they arrive at school everyday/ almost everyday [Lower secondary school students - School life] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that they like being in school [Lower secondary school students - School life] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that they feel safe at school [Lower secondary school students - School life] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that they feel like they belong at the school [Lower secondary school students - School life] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that teachers at their school are fair to them [Lower secondary school students - School life] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that they are proud to go to their school [Lower secondary school students - School life] % of Grade 8 students who say that other students said mean things about their physical appearance [Lower secondary school students - School life] % of Grade 8 students who say that other students spread lies about them [Lower secondary school students - School life] % of Grade 8 students who say that other students shared their secrets with others [Lower secondary school students - School life] % of Grade 8 students who say that other students refused to talk to them [Lower secondary school students - School life] % of Grade 8 students who say that other students insulted a member of their family [Lower secondary school students - School life] % of Grade 8 students who say that other students stole something from them [Lower secondary school students - School life] % of Grade 8 students who say that other students made them do things they didn't want to do [Lower secondary school students - School life] % of Grade 8 students who say that other students sent them nasty or hurtful messages online [Lower secondary school students - School life] % of Grade 8 students who say that other students shared nasty or hurtful things about them online [Lower secondary school students - School life] % of Grade 8 students who say that other students shared embarrassing photos of them online [Lower secondary school students - School life] % of Grade 8 students who say that other students threatened them [Lower secondary school students - School life] % of Grade 8 students who say that other students physically hurt them [Lower secondary school students - School life] % of Grade 8 students who say that other students excluded them from their group [Lower secondary school students - School life] % of Grade 8 students who say that other students damaged something of theirs on purpose [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] Average score of mathematics achievement of 8th grade [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who work problems on their own in every or almost every lesson [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that they enjoy learning mathematics [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that they wish they did not have to study mathematics [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that mathematics is boring [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that they learn many interesting things in mathematics [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that they like mathematics very much [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that they like any schoolwork that involves numbers [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that they like to solve mathematics problems [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that they look forward to mathematics lessons [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that mathematics is one of their favorite subjects [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that they know what their teacher expects them to do in mathematics lessons [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that their teacher is easy to understand in mathematics lessons [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that their teacher has clear answers to their questions in mathematics lessons [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that their teacher is good at explaining mathematics [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that their teacher does a variety of things to help them learn in mathematics lessons [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that their teacher links new lessons to what they already know in mathematics lessons [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that their teacher explains a topic again when they don't understand in mathematics lessons [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who say that students donft listen to what the teacher says in every or almost every mathematics lesson [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who say that there is disruptive noise in every or almost every mathematics lesson [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who say that it is too disorderly for students to work well in every or almost every mathematics lesson [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who say that their teacher has to wait a long time for students to quiet down in every or almost every mathematics lesson [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who say that students interrupt the teacher in every or almost every mathematics lesson [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who say that their teacher has to keep telling them to follow the classroom rules in every or almost every mathematics lesson [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that they usually do well in mathematics [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that mathematics is harder for them than for many of their classmates [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that mathematics is not one of their strengths [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that they learn things quickly in mathematics [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that mathematics makes them nervous [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that they are good at working out difficult mathematics problems [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that their teacher tells them they are good at mathematics [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that mathematics is harder for them than any other subject [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that mathematics makes them confused [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that learning mathematics will help them in their daily life [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that they need mathematics to learn other school subjects [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that they need to do well in mathematics to get into the university of their choice [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that they need to do well in mathematics to get the job they want [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that they would like a job that involves using mathematics [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that it is important to learn about mathematics to get ahead in the world [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that learning mathematics will give them more job opportunities when they are adults [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that their parents think that it is important that they do well in mathematics [Lower secondary school students - Mathematics] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that it is important to do well in mathematics [Lower secondary school students - Science] Average score of science achievement of 8th grade [Lower secondary school students - Science] % of Grade 8 students who conduct science experiments at least once a week [Lower secondary school students - Science] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that they enjoy learning science [Lower secondary school students - Science] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that they wish they did not have to study science [Lower secondary school students - Science] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that science is boring [Lower secondary school students - Science] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that they learn many interesting things in science [Lower secondary school students - Science] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that they like science very much [Lower secondary school students - Science] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that they look forward to science lessons [Lower secondary school students - Science] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that science teaches them how things in the world work [Lower secondary school students - Science] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that they like to conduct science experiments [Lower secondary school students - Science] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that science is one of their favorite subjects [Lower secondary school students - Science] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that they know what their teacher expects them to do in science lessons [Lower secondary school students - Science] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that their teacher is easy to understand in science lessons [Lower secondary school students - Science] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that their teacher has clear answers to their questions in science lessons [Lower secondary school students - Science] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that their teacher is good at explaining science [Lower secondary school students - Science] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that their teacher does a variety of things to help them learn in science lessons [Lower secondary school students - Science] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that their teacher links new lessons to what they already know in science lessons [Lower secondary school students - Science] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that their teacher explains a topic again when they don't understand in science lessons [Lower secondary school students - Science] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that they usually do well in science [Lower secondary school students - Science] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that science is harder for them than for many of their classmates [Lower secondary school students - Science] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that science is not one of their strengths [Lower secondary school students - Science] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that they learn things quickly in science [Lower secondary school students - Science] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that they are good at working out difficult science problems [Lower secondary school students - Science] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that their teacher tells them they are good at science [Lower secondary school students - Science] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that science is harder for them than any other subject [Lower secondary school students - Science] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that science makes them confused [Lower secondary school students - Science] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that learning science will help them in their daily life [Lower secondary school students - Science] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that they need science to learn other school subjects [Lower secondary school students - Science] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that they need to do well in science to get into the university of their choice [Lower secondary school students - Science] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that they need to do well in science to get the job they want [Lower secondary school students - Science] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that they would like a job that involves using science [Lower secondary school students - Science] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that it is important to learn about science to get ahead in the world [Lower secondary school students - Science] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that learning science will give them more job opportunities when they are adults [Lower secondary school students - Science] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that their parents think that it is important that they do well in science [Lower secondary school students - Science] % of Grade 8 students who agree a lot that it is important to do well in science [Lower secondary school students - Science] % of Grade 8 students whose teacher gives them homework in mathematics every day [Lower secondary school students - Science] % of Grade 8 students whose teacher gives them homework in science every day [Lower secondary school students - instruction out of school] % of Grade 8 students who attended extra lessons or tutoring not provided by the school in mathematics during the last 12 months [Lower secondary school students - instruction out of school] % of Grade 8 students who attended extra lessons or tutoring not provided by the school in science during the last 12 months [Lower secondary school students - future educational plan] % of Grade 8 students who expect them to finish undergraduate or postgraduate degree [Lower secondary school students - future educational plan] % of Grade 8 students who expect them to finish postgraduate degree [Lower secondary education teachers] Lower secondary education teachers: Total working hours [Lower secondary education teachers] Lower secondary education teachers: Hours spent on teaching [Lower secondary education teachers] Lower secondary education teachers: Hours spent on individual planning or preparation of lessons either at school or out of school [Lower secondary education teachers] Lower secondary education teachers: Hours spent on team work and dialogue with colleagues within the school [Lower secondary education teachers] Lower secondary education teachers: Hours spent marking/correcting of student work [Lower secondary education teachers] Lower secondary education teachers: Hours spent on counselling students [Lower secondary education teachers] Lower secondary education teachers: Hours spent in participation in school management [Lower secondary education teachers] Lower secondary education teachers: Hours spent on general administrative work (including communication, paperwork, and other clerical duties) [Lower secondary education teachers] Lower secondary education teachers: Hours spent on professional development activities [Lower secondary education teachers] Lower secondary education teachers: Hours spent on communication and co-operation with parents or guardians [Lower secondary education teachers] Lower secondary education teachers: Hours spent engaging in extracurricular activities [Lower secondary education teachers] Lower secondary education teachers: Hours spent engaging in other work tasks [Lower secondary education teachers] % of lower secondary education teachears who think that the teaching profession is valued in society [Lower secondary education teachers] % of lower secondary education teachers who present a summary of recently learned content [Lower secondary education teachers] % of lower secondary education teachers who set goals at the beginning of instruction [Lower secondary education teachers] % of lower secondary education teachers who explain what they expect students to learn [Lower secondary education teachers] % of lower secondary education teachers who explain how new and old topics are related [Lower secondary education teachers] % of lower secondary education teachers who present tasks for which there is no obvious solution [Lower secondary education teachers] % of lower secondary education teachers who give tasks that require students to think critically [Lower secondary education teachers] % of lower secondary education teachers who have students work in small groups to come up with a joint solution to a problem or task [Lower secondary education teachers] % of lower secondary education teachers who ask students to decide on their own procedures for solving complex tasks [Lower secondary education teachers] % of lower secondary education teachers who tell students to follow classroom rules [Lower secondary education teachers] % of lower secondary education teachers who tell students to listen to what they say [Lower secondary education teachers] % of lower secondary education teachers who calm students who are disruptive [Lower secondary education teachers] % of lower secondary education teachers who tell students to quieten down quickly when the lesson begins [Lower secondary education teachers] % of lower secondary education teachers who refer to a problem from everyday life or work to demonstrate why new knowledge is useful [Lower secondary education teachers] % of lower secondary education teachers who let students practise similar tasks until they know that every student has understood the subject matter [Lower secondary education teachers] % of lower secondary education teachers who give students projects that require at least one week to complete [Lower secondary education teachers] % of lower secondary education teachers who let students use ICT for projects or class work [Lower secondary education teachers] % of lower secondary education teachers who would like to change to another school if possible [Lower secondary education teachers] % of lower secondary education teachers who enjoy working at the present school [Lower secondary education teachers] % of lower secondary education teachers who would recommend the present school as a good place to work [Lower secondary education teachers] % of lower secondary education teachers satisfied with their performance in the present school [Lower secondary education teachers] % of lower secondary education teachers satisfied with the present job all in all [High school students - Performance and preference] Performance on the reading (15 years old, average score) [High school students - Performance and preference] Performance on the mathematics (15 years old, average score) [High school students - Performance and preference] Performance on the science (15 years old, average score) [High school students - Performance and preference] % of 15 year old students who have ever repeated a grade [High school students - Performance and preference] % of 15 year old students who say that mathematics is one of their favourite subjects [High school students - Performance and preference] % of 15 year old students who say that national language is one of their favourite subjects [High school students - Performance and preference] % of 15 year old students who say that science is one of their favourite subjects [High school students - Performance and preference] % of 15 year old students who say that mathematics is easy for them [High school students - Performance and preference] % of 15 year old students who say that national language is easy for them [High school students - Performance and preference] % of 15 year old students who say that science is easy for them [High school students - Performance and preference] % of 15 year old students who want to do well in their mathematics class [High school students - Performance and preference] % of 15 year old students who want to do well in their national language class [High school students - Performance and preference] % of 15 year old students who want to do well in their science class [High school students - Things at home] % of 15-year-old students who have a computer they can use for school work in their home [High school students - Things at home] % of 15-year-old students who have classic literature in their home [High school students - Things at home] % of 15-year-old students who have books of poetry in their home [High school students - Things at home] % of 15-year-old students who have works of art (e.g. paintings) in their home [High school students - Things at home] % of 15-year-old students who have musical instruments (e.g. guitar, piano) in their home [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that students don't listen to what the teacher says in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that there is noise and disorder in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that the teacher has to wait a long time for the students to quieten down in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that students cannot work well in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that students don't start working for a long time after the lesson begins in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that the teacher shows an interest in every student's learning in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that the teacher gives extra help when students need it in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that the teacher helps students with their learning in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that the teacher continues teaching until the students understands in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that the teacher sets clear goals for our learning in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that the teacher asks questions to check whether they have understood what was taught in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that the teacher presents a short summary of the previous lesson in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that the teacher tells us what we have to learn in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who agree that their teacher make them feel confident in their ability in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who agree that their teacher listen to their view in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who felt that their teacher understand them in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that their teacher adapts the lesson to their class's needs and knowledge in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that their teacher provides individual help when a student has difficulties understanding a topic or task in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that their teacher changes the structure of the lesson on a topic that most students find difficult to understand in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that their teacher gives them feedback on their strengths in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that their teacher tells them in which areas they can still improve in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that their teacher tells them how they can improve their performance in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who agree that it was clear to them that their teacher liked teaching them in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who agree that the enthusiasm of the teacher inspired them in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who agree that it was clear that the teacher likes to deal with the topic of the lesson in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who agree that the teacher showed enjoyment in teaching in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who read texts that include diagrams or maps for school [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who read fiction (e.g., novels, short stories) for school [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who read texts that include tables or graphs for school [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who read digital texts including links for school [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that the teacher encourages students to express their opinion about a text in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that the teacher helps students relate the stories they read to their lives in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that the teacher shows students how the information in texts builds on what they already know in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that the teacher poses questions that motivate students to participate actively in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who have read a text of more than 100 pages in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who are told to write a summary of the book or the chapter in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who are told to list and write a short description of the main characters in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who are told to discuss in small groups with other students who read the same book or chapter in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who are told to give their personal thoughts about the book or the chapter in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who are told to answer questions about the book or the chapter in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who are told to compare the content of the book or the chapter with their own experience in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who are told to compare the book with other books or texts on a similar topic in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who are told to select a passage they liked or disliked and explain why in their language lessons [High school students - Language lessons] % of 15 year old students who are told to write a text related to what they have read in their language lessons [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that students don't listen to what the teacher says in their mathematics lessons [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that there is noise and disorder in their mathematics lessons [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that the teacher has to wait a long time for students to quiet down in their mathematics lessons [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that students cannot work well in their mathematics lessons [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that students do not start working for a long time after the lesson begins in their mathematics lessons [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that students get distracted by using digital resources in their mathematics lessons [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that students get distracted by other students who are using digital resources in their mathematics lessons [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that the teacher shows an interest in every student's learning in their mathematics lessons [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that the teacher gives extra help when students need it in their mathematics lessons [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that the teacher helps students with their learning in their mathematics lessons [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that the teacher continues teaching until the students understand in their mathematics lessons [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that the teacher often asked them to solve mathematics problems without computing anything [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that the teacher often asked them to explain how they solved a mathematics problem [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that the teacher often asked them to explain what assumptions they were making when solving a mathematics problem [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that the teacher often asked them to explain our reasoning when solving a mathematics problem [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that the teacher often asked them to defend their answer to a mathematics problem [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that the teacher often asked them to think about how new and old mathematics topics were related [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that the teacher often encouraged them to think about how to solve mathematics problems in different ways than demonstrated in class [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that the teacher often told them to keep trying even when they face difficulties with a mathematics task [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that the teacher often taught them to memorize rules and apply them to solve mathematics problems [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that the teacher often asked them to think of problems from everyday life that could be solved with new mathematics knowledge they learned [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that the teacher often showed them how mathematics can be useful in our everyday lives [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that the teacher often encouraged them to think mathematically [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that the teacher often taught them how to use mathematical logic when approaching new situations [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that the teacher often showed us how some problems that look difficult can be solved more easily by understanding how the number system is organized [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that the teacher often gave problems from everyday life involving numbers and asked them to make a decision about the situation [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that the teacher often asked them how different topics are connected to a bigger mathematical idea [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that the teacher often encouraged them to think about how a problem from everyday life could be solved using mathematics [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who say that the teacher often explained how different mathematical ideas connect to a larger context [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who have rarely or never worked out from a train timetable how long it would take to get from one place to another [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who have rarely or never calculated how much more expensive a computer would be after adding tax [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who have rarely or never calculated how many square metres of tiles you need to cover a floor [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who have rarely or never tried to understand scientific tables presented in an article [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who have rarely or never solved an equation like 6x2 +5 = 29 [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who have rarely or never tried to find the actual distance between two places on a map with a 1:10,000 scale [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who have rarely or never solved an equation like 2(x+3) = (x+3)(x-3) [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who have rarely or never calculated the power consumption of an electronic appliance per week [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who have rarely or never solved an equation like 3x+5=17 [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who have rarely or never extracted mathematical information from diagrams, graphs, or simulations [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who have rarely or never interpreted mathematical solutions in the context of a real-life challenge [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who have rarely or never used the concept of statistical variation to make a decision [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who have rarely or never identified mathematical aspects of a real-world problem [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who have rarely or never identified constraints and assumptions behind mathematical modelling [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who have rarely or never represented a situation mathematically using variables, symbols, or diagrams [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who have rarely or never evaluated the significance of observed patterns in data [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who have rarely or never tried coding/programming computers [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who have rarely or never worked with computer mathematics systems [High school students - Mathematics lessons] % of 15 year old students who have rarely or never calculated the properties of an irregularly shaped object [High school students - Learning mathematics] % of 15 year old students who always actively participate in group discussions during mathematics class. [High school students - Learning mathematics] % of 15 year old students who always pay attention when their mathematics teacher is speaking [High school students - Learning mathematics] % of 15 year old students who always put effort into assignments for mathematics class [High school students - Learning mathematics] % of 15 year old students who always give up when they do not understand the mathematics material being taught [High school students - Learning mathematics] % of 15 year old students who always make time to learn the material for mathematics class [High school students - Learning mathematics] % of 15 year old students who always ask questions when they do not understand the mathematics material being taught [High school students - Learning mathematics] % of 15 year old students who always lose interest during mathematics lessons [High school students - Learning mathematics] % of 15 year old students who always try to connect new material to what they have learned in previous mathematics lessons [High school students - Learning mathematics] % of 15 year old students who always start their work on mathematics assignments right away [High school students - Learning mathematics] % of 15 year old students who often worry that it will be difficult for them in mathematics classes [High school students - Learning mathematics] % of 15 year old students who get very tense when they have to do mathematics homework. [High school students - Learning mathematics] % of 15 year old students who get very nervous doing mathematics problems [High school students - Learning mathematics] % of 15 year old students who feel helpless when doing a mathematics problem [High school students - Learning mathematics] % of 15 year old students who worry that they will get poor school grades in mathematics [High school students - Learning mathematics] % of 15 year old students who feel anxious about failing in mathematics [High school students - Learning mathematics] % of 15 year old students who participate in one-on-one tutoring with a person for mathematics except school lessons [High school students - Learning mathematics] % of 15 year old students who participate in Internet or computer tutoring with a programme or application for mathematics except school lessons [High school students - Learning mathematics] % of 15 year old students who participate in video-recorded instruction by a person for mathematics except school lessons [High school students - Learning mathematics] % of 15 year old students who participate in small group study or practice (2 to 7 students) for mathematics except school lessons [High school students - Learning mathematics] % of 15 year old students who participate in large group study or practice (8 or more students) for mathematics except school lessons [High school students - Learning mathematics] % of 15 year old students who do not participate in any instruction for mathematics except school lessons [High school students - Mathematics knowledge] % of 15 year old students who are confident about working out from a train timetable how long it would take to get from one place to another [High school students - Mathematics knowledge] % of 15 year old students who are confident about calculating how much more expensive a computer would be after adding tax [High school students - Mathematics knowledge] % of 15 year old students who are confident about calculating how many square metres of tiles you need to cover a floor [High school students - Mathematics knowledge] % of 15 year old students who are confident about understanding scientific tables presented in an article [High school students - Mathematics knowledge] % of 15 year old students who are confident about solving an equation like 6x2 +5 = 29 [High school students - Mathematics knowledge] % of 15 year old students who are confident about finding the actual distance between two places on a map with a 1:10,000 scale [High school students - Mathematics knowledge] % of 15 year old students who are confident about solving an equation like 2(x+3) = (x+3)(x-3) [High school students - Mathematics knowledge] % of 15 year old students who are confident about calculating the power consumption of an electronic appliance per week [High school students - Mathematics knowledge] % of 15 year old students who are confident about solving an equation like 3x+5=17 [High school students - Mathematics knowledge] % of 15 year old students who are confident about extracting mathematical information from diagrams, graphs, or simulations [High school students - Mathematics knowledge] % of 15 year old students who are confident about interpreting mathematical solutions in the context of a real-life challenge [High school students - Mathematics knowledge] % of 15 year old students who are confident about using the concept of statistical variation to make a decision [High school students - Mathematics knowledge] % of 15 year old students who are confident about identifying mathematical aspects of a real-world problem [High school students - Mathematics knowledge] % of 15 year old students who are confident about identifying constraints and assumptions behind mathematical modelling [High school students - Mathematics knowledge] % of 15 year old students who are confident about representing a situation mathematically using variables, symbols, or diagrams [High school students - Mathematics knowledge] % of 15 year old students who are confident about evaluating the significance of observed patterns in data [High school students - Mathematics knowledge] % of 15 year old students who are confident about coding/programming computers [High school students - Mathematics knowledge] % of 15 year old students who are confident about working with computer mathematics systems [High school students - Mathematics knowledge] % of 15 year old students who are confident about calculating the properties of an irregularly shaped object [High school students - Mathematics knowledge] % of 15 year old students who understand "Divisor" [High school students - Mathematics knowledge] % of 15 year old students who understand "Area of a circle" [High school students - Mathematics knowledge] % of 15 year old students who understand "Subjunctive scaling" [High school students - Mathematics knowledge] % of 15 year old students who understand "Congruent figures" [High school students - Mathematics knowledge] % of 15 year old students who understand "Linear equation" [High school students - Mathematics knowledge] % of 15 year old students who understand "Pythagorean theorem" [High school students - Mathematics knowledge] % of 15 year old students who understand "Linear inequalities" [High school students - Mathematics knowledge] % of 15 year old students who understand "Complex number" [High school students - Mathematics knowledge] % of 15 year old students who understand "Exponential function" [High school students - Mathematics knowledge] % of 15 year old students who understand "Probability" [High school students - Mathematics knowledge] % of 15 year old students who understand "Declarative fraction" [High school students - Mathematics knowledge] % of 15 year old students who understand "Three-dimensional geometry" [High school students - Internet education] % of 15 year old students who have learned at school how to use keywords when using a search engine [High school students - Internet education] % of 15 year old students who have learned at school how to decide whether to trust information from the Internet [High school students - Internet education] % of 15 year old students who have learned at school how to compare different web pages and decide what information is more relevant [High school students - Internet education] % of 15 year old students who have learned at school to understand the consequences of making information publicly available online [High school students - Internet education] % of 15 year old students who have learned at school how to use the short description below the links in the list of results of a search [High school students - Internet education] % of 15 year old students who have learned at school how to detect whether the information is subjective or biased [High school students - Internet education] % of 15 year old students who have learned at school how to detect phishing or spam emails [High school students - Reading] % of 15 year old students who read only if they have to [High school students - Reading] % of 15 year old students who agree that reading is one of their favourite hobbies [High school students - Reading] % of 15 year old students who like talking about books with other people [High school students - Reading] % of 15 year old students who agree that reading is a waste of time [High school students - Reading] % of 15 year old students who I read only to get information that they need [High school students - Reading] % of 15 year old students who spontaneously read magazines several times a week [High school students - Reading] % of 15 year old students who spontaneously read comic books several times a week [High school students - Reading] % of 15 year old students who spontaneously read fiction (novels, narratives, stories) several times a week [High school students - Reading] % of 15 year old students who spontaneously read non-fiction books (informational, documentary) several times a week [High school students - Reading] % of 15 year old students who spontaneously read newspapers several times a week [High school students - Reading] % of 15 year old students who read books more often in paper format [High school students - Reading] % of 15 year old students who read books more often on digital devices [High school students - Reading] % of 15 year old students who read books equally often in paper format and on digital devices [High school students - Reading] % of 15 year old students who spend more than 1 hour a day reading for enjoyment [High school students - Reading] % of 15 year old students who agree that they are good readers [High school students - Reading] % of 15 year old students who agree that they are able to understand difficult texts [High school students - Reading] % of 15 year old students who agree that they read fluently [High school students - Reading] % of 15 year old students who agree that they have always had difficulty with reading [High school students - Reading] % of 15 year old students who agree that they have to read a text several times before completely understanding it [High school students - Reading] % of 15 year old students who agree that I find it difficult to answer questions about a text [High school students - Internet use] % of 15 year old students who read emails several times a day [High school students - Internet use] % of 15 year old students who chat on line several times a day [High school students - Internet use] % of 15 year old students who read online news several times a day [High school students - Internet use] % of 15 year old students who search information online to learn about a particular topic several times a day [High school students - Internet use] % of 15 year old students who take part in online group discussions or forums several times a day [High school students - Internet use] % of 15 year old students who search for practical information online several times a day [High school students - use of digital resources] % of 15 year old students who do not use digital resources for learning activities at school [High school students - use of digital resources] % of 15 year old students who use digital resources for learning activities at school for more than 5 hours a day [High school students - use of digital resources] % of 15 year old students who do not use digital resources for learning activities before and after school [High school students - use of digital resources] % of 15 year old students who use digital resources for learning activities before and after school for more than 5 hours a day [High school students - use of digital resources] % of 15 year old students who do not use digital resources for learning activities on weekends [High school students - use of digital resources] % of 15 year old students who use digital resources for learning activities on weekends for more than 5 hours a day [High school students - use of digital resources] % of 15 year old students who do not use digital resources for leisure at school [High school students - use of digital resources] % of 15 year old students who use digital resources for leisure at school for more than 5 hours a day [High school students - use of digital resources] % of 15 year old students who do not use digital resources for leisure before and after school [High school students - use of digital resources] % of 15 year old students who use digital resources for leisure before and after school for more than 5 hours a day [High school students - use of digital resources] % of 15 year old students who do not use digital resources for leisure on weekends [High school students - use of digital resources] % of 15 year old students who use digital resources for leisure on weekends for more than 5 hours a day [High school students - use of digital resources] % of 15 year old students who (almost) never turn off notifications from social networks and apps during class [High school students - use of digital resources] % of 15 year old students who (almost) always turn off notifications from social networks and apps during class [High school students - use of digital resources] % of 15 year old students who (almost) never turn off notifications from social networks and apps during sleep [High school students - use of digital resources] % of 15 year old students who (almost) always turn off notifications from social networks and apps during sleep [High school students - use of digital resources] % of 15 year old students who (almost) never keep their digital device near them to answer messages at home [High school students - use of digital resources] % of 15 year old students who (almost) always keep their digital device near them to answer messages at home [High school students - use of digital resources] % of 15 year old students who (almost) never have their digital device open in class for notes/ information [High school students - use of digital resources] % of 15 year old students who (almost) always have their digital device open in class for notes/ information [High school students - use of digital resources] % of 15 year old students who (almost) never feel pressured to be online and answer messages during class [High school students - use of digital resources] % of 15 year old students who (almost) always feel pressured to be online and answer messages during class [High school students - use of digital resources] % of 15 year old students who (almost) never feel nervous/anxious without their digital device around [High school students - use of digital resources] % of 15 year old students who (almost) always feel nervous/anxious without their digital device around [High school students - response to a junk mail] Extent to which 15-year-olds think of answering the email and asking for more information as appropriate for a message from a wellknown mobile phone operator telling them that they are one of the winners of a smartphone [High school students - response to a junk mail] Extent to which 15-year-olds think of checking the senderfs email address as appropriate for a message from a wellknown mobile phone operator telling them that they are one of the winners of a smartphone [High school students - response to a junk mail] Extent to which 15-year-olds think of clicking on the link to fill out the form as soon as possible as appropriate for a message from a wellknown mobile phone operator telling them that they are one of the winners of a smartphone [High school students - response to a junk mail] Extent to which 15-year-olds think of deleting the email without clicking on the link as appropriate for a message from a wellknown mobile phone operator telling them that they are one of the winners of a smartphone [High school students - response to a junk mail] Extent to which 15-year-olds think of checking the website of the mobile phone operator as appropriate for a message from a wellknown mobile phone operator telling them that they are one of the winners of a smartphone [High school students - Impression of PISA Reading Test] % of those who agree that there were many words they could not understand in the PISA test [High school students - Impression of PISA Reading Test] % of those who agree that many texts were too difficult for them in the PISA test [High school students - Impression of PISA Reading Test] % of those who agree that they were lost when they had to navigate between different pages in the PISA test [High school students - learning method] Extent to which 15-year-olds think of concentrating on the parts of the text that are easy to understand as useful for understanding and memorising the text [High school students - learning method] Extent to which 15-year-olds think of quickly reading through the text twice as useful for understanding and memorising the text [High school students - learning method] Extent to which 15-year-olds think of discussing its content with other people after reading the text as useful for understanding and memorising the text [High school students - learning method] Extent to which 15-year-olds think of underlining important parts of the text as useful for understanding and memorising the text [High school students - learning method] Extent to which 15-year-olds think of summarising the text in their own words as useful for understanding and memorising the text [High school students - learning method] Extent to which 15-year-olds think of reading the text aloud to another person as useful for understanding and memorising the text [High school students - learning method] Extent to which 15-year-olds think of checking that each paragraph is covered in the summary as useful for writing a summary of a long and rather difficult two-page text [High school students - learning method] Extent to which 15-year-olds think of I trying to copy out accurately as many sentences as possible as useful for writing a summary of a long and rather difficult two-page text [High school students - learning method] Extent to which 15-year-olds think of reading the text as many times as possible before writing the summary as useful for writing a summary of a long and rather difficult two-page text [High school students - learning method] Extent to which 15-year-olds think of carefully checking whether the most important facts in the text are represented in the summary as useful for writing a summary of a long and rather difficult two-page text [High school students - learning method] Extent to which 15-year-olds think of reading through the text, underlining the most important sentences, and then writing them in their own words as useful for writing a summary of a long and rather difficult two-page text [High school students - effort, failure, talent] % of 15-year-olds who agree that trying hard at school will help me get a good job [High school students - effort, failure, talent] % of 15-year-olds who agree that trying hard at school will help me get into a good college [High school students - effort, failure, talent] % of 15-year-olds who agree that trying hard at school is important [High school students - effort, failure, talent] % of 15-year-olds who find satisfaction in working as hard as they can [High school students - effort, failure, talent] % of 15-year-olds who persist until a task is finished once they start [High school students - effort, failure, talent] % of 15-year-olds who enjoy doing things when they improve on their past performance [High school students - effort, failure, talent] % of 15-year-olds who would rather keep struggling to master something if they are not good at than move on to something they may be good at [High school students - effort, failure, talent] % of 15-year-olds who worry about what others think of when they are failing [High school students - effort, failure, talent] % of 15-year-olds who are afraid that they might not have enough talent when they are failing [High school students - effort, failure, talent] % of 15-year-olds who doubt their plans for the future when they are failing [High school students - effort, failure, talent] % of 15-year-olds who think that they canft change their intelligence very much [High school students - effort, failure, talent] % of 15-year-olds who think that some people are just not good at mathematics, no matter how hard they study [High school students - effort, failure, talent] % of 15-year-olds who think that some people are just not good in national language, no matter how hard they study [High school students - competition and cooperation] % of 15-year-olds who enjoy working in situations involving competition with others [High school students - competition and cooperation] % of 15-year-olds who agree that it is important for them to perform better than other people on a task [High school students - competition and cooperation] % of 15-year-olds who try harder when they are in competition with other people [High school students - competition and cooperation] % of 15-year-olds who think that students seem to value competition [High school students - competition and cooperation] % of 15-year-olds who think that students are competing with each other [High school students - competition and cooperation] % of 15-year-olds who think that students seem to share the feeling that competing with each other is important [High school students - competition and cooperation] % of 15-year-olds who think that students feel that they are being compared with others [High school students - competition and cooperation] % of 15-year-olds who think that students seem to value cooperation [High school students - competition and cooperation] % of 15-year-olds who think that students are cooperating with each other [High school students - competition and cooperation] % of 15-year-olds who think that students seem to share the feeling that cooperating with each other is important [High school students - competition and cooperation] % of 15-year-olds who think that they are encouraged to cooperate with others [High school students - competition and cooperation] % of 15-year-olds who spend more than 2 hours on mathematics homework [High school students - competition and cooperation] % of 15-year-olds who spend more than 2 hours on national language homework [High school students - competition and cooperation] % of 15-year-olds who spend more than 2 hours on science homework [High school students - competition and cooperation] % of 15-year-olds who spend more than 2 hours on homework in total [High school students - life] Life satisfaction of 15-year-olds (10 steps) [High school students - life] % of 15-year-olds who think that their life has clear meaning or purpose [High school students - life] % of 15-year-olds who have discovered a satisfactory meaning in life [High school students - life] % of 15-year-olds who have a clear sense of what gives meaning to their life [High school students - feeling] % of 15-year-olds who always feel happy [High school students - feeling] % of 15-year-olds who always feel scared [High school students - feeling] % of 15-year-olds who always feel lively [High school students - feeling] % of 15-year-olds who always feel miserable [High school students - feeling] % of 15-year-olds who always feel proud [High school students - feeling] % of 15-year-olds who always feel afraid [High school students - feeling] % of 15-year-olds who always feel joyful [High school students - feeling] % of 15-year-olds who always feel sad [High school students - feeling] % of 15-year-olds who always feel cheerful [High school students - goals in school] % of 15-year-olds who think that their goal in school is to learn as much as possible [High school students - goals in school] % of 15-year-olds who think that their goal in school is to completely master the material presented in their classes [High school students - goals in school] % of 15-year-olds who think that their goal in school is to understand the content of their classes as thoroughly as possible [High school students - doing things in life] % of 15 year old students who usually manage one way or another [High school students - doing things in life] % of 15 year old students who feel proud that they have accomplished things [High school students - doing things in life] % of 15 year old students who feel that they can handle many things at a time [High school students - doing things in life] % of 15 year old students who can usually find their way out in a difficult situation [High school students - significance of school] % of 15 year old students who think that school has done little to prepare them for adult life when they leave school [High school students - significance of school] % of 15 year old students who think that school has been a waste of time [High school students - significance of school] % of 15 year old students who think that school has helped give confidence to make decisions [High school students - significance of school] % of 15 year old students who think that school has taught things which could be useful in a job [High school students - feeling at school] % of 15 year old students who feel like an outsider (or left out of things) [High school students - feeling at school] % of 15 year old students who make friends easily at school [High school students - feeling at school] % of 15 year old students who feel like they belong at school. [High school students - feeling at school] % of 15 year old students who feel awkward and out of place in their school. [High school students - feeling at school] % of 15 year old students who think that other students seem to like them [High school students - feeling at school] % of 15 year old students who feel lonely at school [High school students - views on teachers] % of 15 year old students who think that their teachers are respectful towards them [High school students - views on teachers] % of 15 year old students who think that their teachers would be concerned about them when they are upset [High school students - views on teachers] % of 15 year old students who think that their teachers would be excited when they come back after graduation [High school students - views on teachers] % of 15 year old students who feel intimidated by the teachers [High school students - views on teachers] % of 15 year old students who think that their teachers are really interested in their conditions [High school students - views on teachers] % of 15 year old students who think that their teachers are friendly towards them [High school students - views on teachers] % of 15 year old students who think that their teachers are interested in students' well-being [High school students - views on teachers] % of 15 year old students who think that their teachers are mean towards them [High school students - life before school] % of 15 year old students who do not eat breakfast before school [High school students - life before school] % of 15 year old students who eat breakfast before school 5 or more days a week [High school students - life before school] % of 15 year old students who do not study for school or homework before school [High school students - life before school] % of 15 year old students who study for school or homework before school 5 or more days a week [High school students - life before school] % of 15 year old students who do not work in the household nor take care of family members before school [High school students - life before school] % of 15 year old students who work in the household or take care of family members before school 5 or more days a week [High school students - life before school] % of 15 year old students who do not work for pay before school [High school students - life before school] % of 15 year old students who work for pay before school 5 or more days a week [High school students - life before school] % of 15 year old students who do not exercise nor practise a sport before school [High school students - life before school] % of 15 year old students who exercise or practise a sport before school 5 or more days a week [High school students - life before school] % of 15 year old students who do not eat dinner after school [High school students - life before school] % of 15 year old students who eat dinner after school 5 or more days a week [High school students - life before school] % of 15 year old students who do not study for school or homework after school [High school students - life before school] % of 15 year old students who study for school or homework after school 5 or more days a week [High school students - life before school] % of 15 year old students who do not work in the household nor take care of family members after school [High school students - life before school] % of 15 year old students who work in the household or take care of family members after school 5 or more days a week [High school students - life before school] % of 15 year old students who do not work for pay after school [High school students - life before school] % of 15 year old students who work for pay after school 5 or more days a week [High school students - life before school] % of 15 year old students who do not exercise nor practise a sport after school [High school students - life before school] % of 15 year old students who exercise or practise a sport after school 5 or more days a week [High school students - family support] % of 15 year old students whose family discuss how well they are doing at school every day [High school students - family support] % of 15 year old students whose family never discuss how well they are doing at school [High school students - family support] % of 15 year old students whose family eat dinner with them every day [High school students - family support] % of 15 year old students whose family never eat dinner with them [High school students - family support] % of 15 year old students whose family spend time just talking with them every day [High school students - family support] % of 15 year old students whose family never spend time just talking with them [High school students - family support] % of 15 year old students whose family talk about the importance of graduating from upper secondary school every day [High school students - family support] % of 15 year old students whose family never talk about the importance of graduating from upper secondary school [High school students - family support] % of 15 year old students whose family talk about any problems you might have at school every day [High school students - family support] % of 15 year old students whose family never talk about any problems you might have at school [High school students - family support] % of 15 year old students whose family ask about how well they are getting along with other students at school every day [High school students - family support] % of 15 year old students whose family never ask about how well they are getting along with other students at school [High school students - family support] % of 15 year old students whose family encourage them to get good school grades every day [High school students - family support] % of 15 year old students whose family never encourage them to get good school grades [High school students - family support] % of 15 year old students whose family take an interest in what they are learning at school every day [High school students - family support] % of 15 year old students whose family never take an interest in what they are learning at school [High school students - family support] % of 15 year old students whose family talk about their future education every day [High school students - family support] % of 15 year old students whose family never talk about their future education [High school students - family support] % of 15 year old students whose family ask what they did in school every day [High school students - family support] % of 15 year old students whose family never ask what they did in school [High school students - family support] % of 15 year old students who think that their parents support their educational efforts and achievements [High school students - family support] % of 15 year old students who think that their parents support them when they are facing difficulties at school [High school students - family support] % of 15 year old students who think that their parents encourage them to be confident [High school students - laziness and bullying] % of 15 year old students who have ever skipped a whole school day in the last two weeks [High school students - laziness and bullying] % of 15 year old students who have ever skipped some classes in the last two weeks [High school students - laziness and bullying] % of 15 year old students who have ever arrived late for school in the last two weeks [High school students - laziness and bullying] % of 15 year old students who have ever been left out of things by other students [High school students - laziness and bullying] % of 15 year old students who have ever been made fun of by other students [High school students - laziness and bullying] % of 15 year old students who have ever been threatened by other students [High school students - laziness and bullying] % of 15 year old students whose belongings have ever been taken away or destroyed by other students [High school students - laziness and bullying] % of 15 year old students who have ever been hit or pushed around by other students [High school students - laziness and bullying] % of 15 year old students whose nasty rumours have ever been spread by other students [High school students - laziness and bullying] % of 15 year old students who were in a physical fight on school property [High school students - laziness and bullying] % of 15 year old students who stayed home from school because they felt unsafe [High school students - laziness and bullying] % of 15 year old students who gave money to someone at school because they are threatened [High school students - laziness and bullying] % of 15 year old students who are irritated when nobody defends bullied students [High school students - laziness and bullying] % of 15 year old students who agree that it is a good thing to help students who canft defend themselves [High school students - laziness and bullying] % of 15 year old students who agree that it is a wrong thing to join in bullying [High school students - laziness and bullying] % of 15 year old students who feel bad seeing other students bullied [High school students - laziness and bullying] % of 15 year old students who like to see someone standing up for bullied students [High school students - learning foreign language] Average hours per week to spend learning foreign language out of school [High school students - learning foreign language] Dispersion (S.E.) of hours per week to spend learning foreign language out of school [High school students - problem solving] % of 15 year old students who definitely check brochure to check how to get to the zoo [High school students - problem solving] % of 15 year old students who definitely study a map and work out the best route [High school students - problem solving] % of 15 year old students who definitely leave it to their brother to worry about how to get there [High school students - problem solving] % of 15 year old students who definitely suggest just to start driving [High school students - problem solving] % of 15 year old students who definitely check similarities with the machines they have used when the ticket machine is new [High school students - problem solving] % of 15 year old students who definitely try out all the buttons to see what happens when the ticket machine is new [High school students - problem solving] % of 15 year old students who definitely ask someone for help when the ticket machine is new [High school students - problem solving] % of 15 year old students who definitely try to find a ticket office when the ticket machine is new [High school students - future career] % of 15 year old students who have done an internship [High school students - future career] % of 15 year old students who have attended work experience or work-site visits [High school students - future career] % of 15 year old students who have visited a job fair [High school students - future career] % of 15 year old students who have spoken to a career advisor at school [High school students - future career] % of 15 year old students who have spoken to a career advisor outside of school [High school students - future career] % of 15 year old students who have completed a questionnaire to find out about their interests and abilities [High school students - future career] % of 15 year old students who have researched the internet for information about careers [High school students - future career] % of 15 year old students who have been to an organised tour in an Upper secondary school or University [High school students - future career] % of 15 year old students who have researched the internet for information about Upper secondary school or University programmes [High school students - future career] % of 15 year old students who have researched information on student financing (e.g. student loans or grants) [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students whose school sent learning materials to study on their own every day during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students whose school sent assignments every day during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students whose school uploaded material on a learning management system or school learning platform every day during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students whose school checked in to ensure their completing assignments every day during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students whose school offered live virtual classes on a video communication program every day during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students whose school asked to submit completed school assignments every day during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students whose school gave helpful tips about how to study on their own every day during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students whose school checked in to ask their feeling every day during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students who use their own laptop, desktop computer, or tablet for school work during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students who use their own smartphone for school work during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students who use a digital device that was also used by other family members for school work during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students who use a digital device that their school gave or lent to them for school work during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students who did not have any digital device for school work during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students who think they learnt less during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students who think they learnt about as much during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students who think they learnt more during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students who used paper textbooks, workbooks, or worksheets every day during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students who used digital textbooks, workbooks, or worksheets every day during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students who used real time lessons on a video communication program by school every day during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students who used real time lessons on a video communication program by private tutoring every day during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students who used learning material sent by teachers via SNS every day during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students who used recorded lessons or other digital material provided by school teachers every day during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students who used recorded lessons or other digital material provided by other than school teachers every day during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students who used lessons broadcast over television or radio every day during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students who had problems with access to a digital device when they needed it more than once a week during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students who had problems with Internet access more than once a week during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students lack of school supplies more than once a week during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students not being able to find a quiet place to study more than once a week during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students not being able to find time to study because of housework more than once a week during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students lack of motivation to do school work more than once a week during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students not being able to understand school assignments more than once a week during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students not having anyone to help them with school work more than once a week during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students whose family have helped them with their school work during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students whose family have asked what they were learning during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students whose family have helped them create a learning schedule during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students whose family have helped them access learning materials online during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students whose family have checked their completing assignments during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students whose family have explained new content during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students whose family have helped them find additional learning resources during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students whose family have taught them additional topics not part of their school assignments during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students who felt lonely during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students who enjoyed learning by themselves during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students whose teachers were available when they needed help during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students who felt anxious about school work during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students who was motivated to learn during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students who fell behind in their school work during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students who improved their skills in using digital devices for learning purposes during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students whose teachers were well prepared to provide instruction remotely during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students who were well prepared to learn on their own during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students who missed sports and other physical activities organised by school during the Covid-19 pandemic [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students who are confident about using a learning management system or school learning platform [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students who are confident about using a video communication program [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students who are confident about finding learning resources online on their own [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students who are confident about planning when to do school work on their own [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students who are confident about motivating themselves to do school work [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students who are confident about focusing on school work without reminders [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students who are confident about completing school work independently [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students who are confident about assessing their progress with learning [School response to Covid-19] % of 15 year old students who feel prepared for learning on their own in case of another school closure [University] % of 25-64 year olds that has attained tertiary education [University] % of 25-34 year olds that has attained tertiary education [University] % of those who think that only students from the best secondary schools can obtain a university education [University] % of those who think that only the rich can afford a university education [University] % of those who think that university is open to every gender, ethnicity or social background [University] % of general government expenditure on tertiary education [University] % of household expenditure on tertiary education [University] % of those who agree that the government is responsible for giving financial help to university students from low-income families [University] % of international students in tertiary enrolments [Mass media] World Press Freedom Index (World ranking) [Mass media] Degree of trust in the news media (excluding SNS) (0-10 scale) [Mass media] % of those who think that it is important that the media can report the news without censorship [Mass media] % of those who think that the spread of false information online is a major threat to their country [Mass media] % of those who have contacted or appeared in the media to express their views [Mass media] % of those who watch TV, DVD, videos in their free time daily [Mass media] % of those who get much enjoyment from watching TV, DVD, videos [Mass media] % of Grade 4 students who watch television and videos for less than 1 hour per day [Mass media] % of Grade 4 students who watch television and videos for more than 2 hours per day [Mass media] % of Grade 8 students who watch television and videos for less than 1 hour per day [Mass media] % of Grade 8 students who watch television and videos for more than 2 hours per day [Mass media] % of those who think that television should give preference to the country's own films and programmes [Mass media] % of those who think that the media has the most influence on the actions of the government