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Employment
Japan
Labor participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15-64)72.5% (2020)
[15/37countries]
Labor participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15-64)86.5% (2020)
[2/37countries]
Labor participation rate, male (% of male population ages 35-44)95.9% (2020)
[5/37countries]
Labor participation rate, female (% of female population ages 35-44)77.9% (2020)
[27/37countries]
Employment rate, 60-64 years old (% of population ages 60-64), men82.6% (2020)
[1/37countries]
Employment rate, 60-64 years old (% of population ages 60-64), women59.7% (2020)
[6/37countries]
% of those who think that the employment of elderly people is good for the country's economy79.2% (2015)
[2/14countries]
% of those who think that the employment of elderly people takes jobs away from younger people19.5% (2015)
[10/14countries]
Employment in agriculture (% of total employment)3.4% (2019)
[22/38countries]
Employment in industry (% of total employment)24.4% (2019)
[14/38countries]
Employment in services (% of total employment)72.2% (2019)
[20/38countries]
% of employees whose job tenure is 10 years and more: male and female47.8% (2017)
[4/35countries]
% of employees whose job tenure is 10 years and more: male54.8% (2017)
[3/35countries]
% of employees whose job tenure is 10 years and more: female38.8% (2017)
[12/35countries]
% of men who prefer a full time job73.6% (2015)
[12/27countries]
% of women who prefer a full time job41.0% (2015)
[19/27countries]
% of those who agree that the government is responsible for providing a job for everyone who wants one45.0% (2016)
[20/25countries]
% of those who are in favour of government financing of projects to create new jobs67.3% (2016)
[25/25countries]
Female employment
Japan
Gender wage gap (comparison of median)22.5% (2020)
[3/38countries]
% of those who agree that the government is responsible for promoting equality between men and women69.7% (2016)
[23/25countries]
Maternal employment rate - child under 1563.2% (2014)
[21/34countries]
Share of female managers14.8% (2019)
[36/36countries]
Female share of the directors of the largest publicly listed companies10.7% (2020)
[32/37countries]
% of those who think that a husband's job is to earn money; a wife's job is to look after the home and family22.0% (2018)
[7/24countries]
% of those who do not think that family life suffers when the woman has a full-time job44.7% (2012)
[14/26countries]
% of those who think that both husband and wife should contribute to household income (5 choices)45.6% (2012)
[26/26countries]
% of those who think that being a housewife is just as fulfilling as working for pay (5 choices)69.3% (2012)
[2/26countries]
% of those who think that what most women really want is a home and children34.9% (2012)
[13/26countries]
% of those who think that working mothers have no bad influence over children (5 choices)71.2% (2012)
[15/26countries]
% of those who do not think that a pre-school child is likely to suffer if his or her mother works49.2% (2012)
[11/26countries]
% of those who think that mother and father should each take half of paid parental leave18.8% (2012)
[20/27countries]
% of those who think that mother should take longer parental leave than father81.6% (2012)
[7/27countries]
% of those who think that mother should take the entire paid parental leave19.8% (2012)
[18/27countries]
% of those who think that no paid parental leave is necessary 11.7% (2012)
[9/27countries]
% of those who think that women should work outside the home full-time when there is a child under school age6.1% (2012)
[24/27countries]
% of those who think that both mother and father should work full-time when they have a child under school age4.0% (2012)
[24/27countries]
% of those who think that both mother and father should work part-time when they have a child under school age1.1% (2012)
[26/27countries]
% of those who think that women should stay at home when there is a child under school age68.7% (2012)
[1/27countries]
% of those who think that mother should stay at home and father should work full-time when they have a child under school age57.8% (2012)
[5/27countries]
% of those who think that mother should work part-time and father should work full-time when they have a child under school age37.2% (2012)
[19/27countries]
% of those who think it is least desirable that both mother and father work full-time when they have a child under school age47.0% (2012)
[11/27countries]
% of those who think it is least desirable that father stay at home and mother work full-time when they have a child under school age24.1% (2012)
[18/27countries]
% of those who think it is least desirable that mother stay at home and father work full-time when they have a child under school age5.1% (2012)
[21/27countries]
% of those who think that women should work outside the home full-time after the youngest child starts school17.1% (2012)
[25/27countries]
% of those who think that women should stay at home after the youngest child starts school17.8% (2012)
[3/27countries]
Self-employment
Japan
Share of self-employed who are own-account workers, men, % of total employed5.2% (2020)
[30/33countries]
Share of self-employed who are own-account workers, women, % of total employed3.4% (2020)
[31/33countries]
% of those who think that employees have more job security than the self-employed64.1% (2005)
[5/24countries]
% of those who think that being an employee interferes more with family life than self-employment32.7% (2005)
[8/24countries]
% of those who prefer being an employee to being self-employed65.3% (2005)
[8/24countries]
Non-regular employment
Japan
Part-time employment25.8% (2020)
[3/37countries]
Part-time employment - male15.0% (2020)
[3/37countries]
Part-time employment - female39.5% (2020)
[3/37countries]
Temporary employment as % of dependent employment15.4% (2020)
[8/35countries]
Temporary employment - male as % of dependent employment10.7% (2020)
[16/35countries]
Temporary employment - female as % of dependent employment21.3% (2020)
[5/35countries]
Temporary employment - 15-24 years as % of dependent employment16.3% (2020)
[27/35countries]
% of those willing to accept temporary employment to avoid unemployment20.5% (2015)
[27/27countries]
Side business
Japan
% of those who do any work for additional income in addition to their main job10.9% (2015)
[25/27countries]
Recruitment and job change
Japan
% of those who think that it would be easy to find a job10.4% (2015)
[26/27countries]
% of those who turn to family members or close friends first to help them if they needed to find a job32.6% (2017)
[11/21countries]
% of those who turn to private companies first to help them if they needed to find a job14.0% (2017)
[9/21countries]
% of those who turn to public services first to help them if they needed to find a job43.1% (2017)
[1/21countries]
% of those who would turn down another job that offered quite a bit more pay in order to stay with the current organization35.1% (2015)
[6/27countries]
% of those who would change their present type of work for something different if given the chance28.4% (2015)
[21/27countries]
% of those who think that it is likely that they will try to find a job with another firm or organization within the next 12 months18.4% (2015)
[23/27countries]
% of those who have given up good job opportunities for the benefit of their family life41.1% (2015)
[8/27countries]
% of the men who have given up good job opportunities for the benefit of their family life31.0% (2015)
[16/27countries]
% of the women who have given up good job opportunities for the benefit of their family life50.7% (2015)
[5/27countries]
% of those who have remained in a job that was not satisfying for you for the benefit of your family life55.8% (2015)
[2/27countries]
% of the men who have remained in a job that was not satisfying for you for the benefit of your family life57.9% (2015)
[2/27countries]
% of the women who have remained in a job that was not satisfying for you for the benefit of your family life53.8% (2015)
[4/27countries]
Work preference
Japan
% of those who think that job security is very important in a job36.5% (2015)
[26/27countries]
% of those who think that high income is very important in a job20.5% (2015)
[15/27countries]
% of those who think that good opportunities for advancement is very important in a job5.3% (2015)
[27/27countries]
% of those who think that being interesting is very important in a job21.7% (2015)
[27/27countries]
% of those who think that working independently is very important in a job5.0% (2015)
[27/27countries]
% of those who think that helping other people is very important in a job11.2% (2015)
[27/27countries]
% of those who think that being useful to society is very important in a job15.5% (2015)
[27/27countries]
% of those who think that deciding times or days of work is very important in a job11.4% (2015)
[26/27countries]
% of those who think that it is important for a job to involve personal contact with other people13.2% (2015)
[27/27countries]
% of those who think that their job is secure50.7% (2015)
[26/27countries]
% of those who think that their job gives high income15.8% (2015)
[24/27countries]
% of those who think that their job gives high opportunities for advancement8.6% (2015)
[27/27countries]
% of those who think that their job is interesting45.9% (2015)
[26/27countries]
% of those who think that they can work independently27.3% (2015)
[27/27countries]
% of those who think that they can help other people in their job51.4% (2015)
[26/27countries]
% of those who think that their job is useful to society58.8% (2015)
[27/27countries]
% of those who think that their job gives personal contact with other people80.4% (2015)
[24/27countries]
Unemployment
Japan
Unemployment rate: all ages, male and female3.0% (2020)
[37/38countries]
Unemployment rate: all ages, male3.1% (2020)
[36/38countries]
Unemployment rate: all ages, female2.7% (2020)
[38/38countries]
Unemployment rate: 15-24 years old, male and female4.6% (2020)
[38/38countries]
Long-term (1 year and over) unemployment rate: all ages, male and female28.0% (2020)
[12/37countries]
Long-term (1 year and over) unemployment rate: all ages, male34.8% (2020)
[7/37countries]
Long-term (1 year and over) unemployment rate: all ages, female18.2% (2020)
[24/37countries]
% of those who worry about the possibility of losing your job a great deal or to some extent25.7% (2015)
[15/27countries]
% of those willing to move within the country not to lose job14.6% (2015)
[23/27countries]
% of those willing to move to a different country not to lose job10.5% (2015)
[27/27countries]
% of those who agree that the government is responsible for providing a decent standard of living for the unemployed53.4% (2016)
[24/25countries]
% of those who would like to see more government spending in unemployment benefits21.6% (2016)
[19/25countries]
% of those who think that the government is successful in the policy against unemployment8.9% (2006)
[21/25countries]
Labor policy
Japan
Public expenditure for active labor policy, % of GDP0.16% (2013)
[28/31countries]
Working time
Japan
Average annual hours actually worked per worker1,598 (2020)
[17/36countries]
Time spent for paid work or study (men and women, minutes per day per person, including commuting time)363 (2016)
[1/30countries]
Time spent for paid work or study (men, minutes per day per person, including commuting time)452 (2016)
[2/30countries]
Time spent for paid work or study (women, minutes per day per person, including commuting time)272 (2016)
[4/30countries]
Time spent for commuting (men and women, minutes per day per person)43 (2016)
[2/30countries]
Time spent for commuting (men, minutes per day per person)54 (2016)
[2/30countries]
Time spent for commuting (women, minutes per day per person)33 (2016)
[2/30countries]
% of those who are in favour of reducing the working week to create more jobs45.5% (2016)
[12/25countries]
% of those willing to accept longer commuting to avoid unemployment24.6% (2015)
[26/27countries]
% of those who prefer to work longer hours and earn more money32.7% (2015)
[12/27countries]
% of those who prefer to work the same number of hours and earn the same money56.7% (2015)
[19/27countries]
% of those who prefer to work fewer hours and earn less money10.6% (2015)
[3/27countries]
% of those who would like to have more time in a job10.4% (2007)
[22/24countries]
% of those who would like to have less time in a job45.2% (2007)
[6/24countries]
% of those who always/ often work at home during usual working hours10.8% (2015)
[20/26countries]
% of those who always/ often work on weekends46.8% (2015)
[1/26countries]
% of those who have a regular schedule or shift87.7% (2015)
[1/27countries]
% of those who cannot decide themselves when to start/ finish work64.2% (2015)
[2/27countries]
% of those who can decide themselves when to start/ finish work35.8% (2015)
[26/27countries]
% of those who are free to decide the organization of their daily work18.0% (2015)
[26/27countries]
% of those who enjoy 5 or less days of leave66.2% (2007)
[3/24countries]
% of those who enjoy more than 20 days of leave6.9% (2007)
[23/24countries]
% of those who can take an hour or two off during working hours49.0% (2015)
[27/27countries]
Wages
Japan
Minimum relative to average (mean) wages of full-time workers38.2% (2019)
[22/30countries]
Minimum relative to median wages of full-time workers44.0% (2019)
[26/30countries]
% of those willing to accept lower pay to avoid unemployment16.1% (2015)
[26/27countries]
% of those who think how much responsibility goes with the job is important in deciding pay98.2% (2009)
[7/28countries]
% of those who think that the number of years spent in education and training is important in deciding pay99.0% (2009)
[10/27countries]
% of those who think what is needed to support a family is important in deciding pay78.6% (2009)
[12/28countries]
% of those who think whether the person has children to support is important in deciding pay79.0% (2009)
[16/28countries]
% of those who think how well he or she does the job is important in deciding pay77.1% (2009)
[27/28countries]
% of those who think how hard he or she works at the job is important in deciding pay98.9% (2009)
[7/28countries]
Work motivation
Japan
% of those who often arrive at work too tired to function well because of the household work1.8% (2012)
[14/27countries]
% of those who often find it difficult to concentrate at work because of family responsibilities2.2% (2012)
[14/27countries]
Degree of job satisfaction3.47 (2015)
[27/27countries]
% of those who always/ often find work stressful48.0% (2015)
[3/27countries]
% of those who agree to the idea that a job is just a way of earning money44.2% (2015)
[7/27countries]
% of those who agree to the idea that they would enjoy having a paid job even if they did not need the money60.9% (2015)
[14/27countries]
% of those who would work hard to complete their daily tasks, even if they are slightly sick or when there is another legitimate reason for taking a break79.2% (2009)
[9/9countries]
% of those who would perform to the best of their ability even on a task that they do not like76.9% (2009)
[9/9countries]
% of those who would work hard to maintain their performance on a task, even if the task takes a long time to start producing any results85.1% (2009)
[7/9countries]
% of men who prefer no paid job at all6.3% (2015)
[16/27countries]
% of women who prefer no paid job at all10.2% (2015)
[11/27countries]
Skills
Japan
% of those who can make much use of their past work experience and /or job skills in their present job55.3% (2015)
[24/27countries]
% of those who have got training to improve job skills over the past 12 months42.1% (2015)
[20/27countries]
% of those willing to accept a job that requires new skills to avoid unemployment53.3% (2015)
[26/27countries]
Workplace
Japan
% of those who describe relations at their workplace between workmates/colleagues as good69.9% (2015)
[27/27countries]
% of those who are willing to work harder than they have to in order to help their firm/ organization succeed49.7% (2015)
[19/27countries]
% of those who are proud to be working for the current firm or organization46.9% (2015)
[25/27countries]
% of those who have been discriminated against with regard to work11.6% (2015)
[25/27countries]
% of the men who have been discriminated against with regard to work10.6% (2015)
[26/27countries]
% of the women who have been discriminated against with regard to work12.8% (2015)
[23/27countries]
% of those who have been harassed by their superiors or co-workers at their job25.3% (2015)
[3/27countries]
% of the men who have been harassed by their superiors or co-workers at their job20.5% (2015)
[4/27countries]
% of the women who have been harassed by their superiors or co-workers at their job30.7% (2015)
[3/27countries]
Industrial relations
Japan
Trade union participation (% of total employment)16.8% (2019)
[18/38countries]
Strikes (the total number of working days lost because of strikes per 1000 employees)0 (2000-2004)
[25/25countries]
% of those who think that workers need strong trade unions to protect their interests56.0% (2015)
[22/27countries]
% of those who think that strong trade unions are bad for the economy of their country13.3% (2015)
[21/27countries]
% of those who belong to a trade union, business, or professional association13.2% (2014)
[18/26countries]
% of those who think that there is strong conflicts between management and workers50.4% (2009)
[10/28countries]
% of those who describe relations at their workplace between management and employees as good56.5% (2015)
[26/27countries]
Work accident
Japan
% of those who always/ often have to do hard physical work20.7% (2015)
[25/27countries]
% of those who always/ often work in dangerous conditions11.8% (2005)
[13/24countries]
Housework
Japan
Time spent for routine housework (men and women, minutes per day per person)80 (2016)
[29/30countries]
Time spent for routine housework (men, minutes per day per person)14 (2016)
[30/30countries]
Time spent for routine housework (women, minutes per day per person)148 (2016)
[16/30countries]
Time spent for shopping (men and women, minutes per day per person)25 (2016)
[10/30countries]
Time spent for shopping (men, minutes per day per person)15 (2016)
[21/30countries]
Time spent for shopping (women, minutes per day per person)35 (2016)
[5/30countries]
Time spent for child care (men and women, minutes per day per person)19 (2016)
[21/25countries]
Time spent for child care (men, minutes per day per person)7 (2016)
[24/25countries]
Time spent for child care (women, minutes per day per person)32 (2016)
[14/25countries]
% of those who would like to have more time doing household work15.1% (2005)
[19/24countries]
% of those who would like to have less time doing household work27.3% (2007)
[16/24countries]
% of men who think that they do much less than their fair share of the household work39.7% (2012)
[1/27countries]
% of women who think that they do much more than their fair share of the household work47.0% (2012)
[1/27countries]
% of those who says that women always prepare meals59.5% (2012)
[1/27countries]
% of those who says that women always do the laundry64.2% (2012)
[4/27countries]
% of those who says that women always clean the house47.4% (2012)
[2/27countries]
% of those who says that men mostly decide how to raise children4.5% (2012)
[6/27countries]
% of those who says that women mostly decide how to raise children27.5% (2012)
[14/27countries]
% of those who says that men and women decide how to raise children together40.5% (2012)
[22/27countries]
% of those who think private childcare providers should primarily provide childcare for children under school age11.4% (2012)
[11/27countries]
% of those who think family members should primarily provide childcare for children under school age76.5% (2012)
[6/27countries]
% of those who think family members should primarily provide help in everyday life for elderly people60.3% (2012)
[10/27countries]
% of those who think private providers should primarily provide help in everyday life for elderly people15.0% (2012)
[2/27countries]
% of those who think that the elderly people themselves or their family should primarily cover the costs of the help to elderly people46.9% (2012)
[8/27countries]
% of those who says that women manage all the money55.9% (2012)
[1/27countries]
% of those who says that men manage all the money17.5% (2012)
[6/27countries]
% of those who says that both pool and manage all the money11.2% (2012)
[27/27countries]
% of those who says that both pool and manage part of the money8.5% (2012)
[20/27countries]
% of those who says that men and women manage their own money7.0% (2012)
[21/27countries]
% of those who says that women always shop for groceries38.3% (2012)
[1/27countries]
% of those who says that men always make small repairs23.2% (2012)
[27/27countries]
% of those who say that men choose weekend activities11.8% (2012)
[5/27countries]
% of those who say that women choose weekend activities16.1% (2012)
[5/27countries]
% of those who say that men and women choose weekend activities together22.0% (2012)
[26/27countries]
% of those who often come home from work too tired to do the chores20.6% (2012)
[13/27countries]
% of those who often work too long to fulfil family responsibilities16.1% (2012)
[8/27countries]
% of those who always/ often feel that job interfere with family life10.2% (2015)
[24/27countries]
% of those who always/ often feel that family life interfere with job4.1% (2015)
[20/27countries]
Voluntary activities
Japan
% of those who take part in activities of charitable or religious organisations that do voluntary work once a month or more2.8% (2017)
[21/21countries]
% of those who never take part in activities of charitable or religious organisations that do voluntary work89.3% (2017)
[1/21countries]
% of donators to charities28.4% (2010-2012)
[28/38countries]
% of donators to charities (in relation to GDP per capita)-0.118 (2010-2012)
[31/38countries]
Time spent for volunteering (men and women, minutes per day per person)3.6 (2016)
[9/28countries]
Time spent for volunteering (men, minutes per day per person)3.0 (2016)
[12/28countries]
Time spent for volunteering (women, minutes per day per person)3.7 (2016)
[9/28countries]
% of those who think that civic and voluntary organisations have the most influence on the actions of the government1.4% (2016)
[4/25countries]